Because of the ease with which we perceive, many people see perception as something that "just happens." However, even seemingly simple perceptual experiences involve complex underlying mechanisms, which are often hidden from our conscious experience. These mechanisms are being investigated by researchers and theorists in fields such as psychology, cognitive science, neuroscience, computer science, and philosophy. A few examples of the questions posed by these investigations are, What do infants perceive? How does perception develop? What do perceptual disorders reveal about normal functioning? How can information from one sense, such as hearing, be affected by information from another sense, such as vision? How is the information from all of our senses combined to result in our perception of a coherent environment? What are some practical outcomes of basic research in perception? These are just a few of the questions this encyclopedia will consider, as it presents a comprehensive overview of the field of perception for students, researchers, and professionals in psychology, the cognitive sciences, neuroscience, and related medical disciplines such as neurology and ophthalmology.
The field of perception is devoted to explaining the operation of the senses and the experiences and behaviors resulting from stimulation of the senses. Perceptual processes such as recognizing faces, seeing color, hearing music, and feeling pain represent the actions of complex mechanisms, yet we usually do them easily. The Encyclopedia of Perception presents a comprehensive overview of the field of perception through authoritative essays written by leading researchers and theoreticians in psychology, the cognitive sciences, neuroscience, and medical disciplines. It presents two parallel and interacting approaches: the psychophysical, or determining the relationship between stimuli in the environment and perception, and the physiological, or locating the biological systems responsible for perception. Are there any processes not associated with perception? Surely there are, but the pervasiveness of perception is truly impressive, and the phenomena of perception and its mechanisms are what this encyclopedia is about. Key Features Contains 16 pages of color illustration and photography to accompany the entries Offers a varied and broad list of topics, including basic research as well as methodologies, theoretical approaches, and real-world applications of perceptual research Emphasizes human perception but includes ample research because of its importance in its own right and because of what this research tells us about human perception Written by recognized experts from many disciplines but for an audience with no previous background in perception—students and members of the general public alike Key Themes Action Attention Audition Chemical Senses Cognition and Perception Computers and Perception Consciousness Disorders of Perception Illusory Perceptions Individual Differences (Human) and Comparative (Across Species; Not Including Ageing, Disorders, and Perceptual Development) Methods Perceptual Development/Experience Philosophical Approaches Physiological Processes Sense Interaction Skin and Body Senses Theoretical Approaches Visual Perception
How do our human senses work and help us interact with our surroundings, and what happens when these senses malfunction or are impaired? This book provides in-depth information that answers these questions and more. • Provides an introductory essay that gives readers a firm conceptual framework on the subject of human senses before delving into greater detail • Includes further readings sections and a comprehensive bibliography that serve readers looking to research the topic more in depth • Supports study of the anatomy of sense organs, particularly the eye and ear, that are frequently studied in courses in biology; of perception (and its shortcomings) as addressed as part of psychology classes; and of sensory impairments, such as blindness and deafness, which are topics commonly discussed in health classes
E. Bruce Goldstein's SENSATION AND PERCEPTION, the best-seller which has helped over 150,000 students understand the ties between how we sense the world and how the body interprets these senses, is now in a brilliant full-color Seventh Edition. A key strength of this text has always been the ability to show the student what they are learning through examples and visuals. Now, the book takes this visual learning one step further by using color throughout as a learning tool. As the sole author of the text, Goldstein's singular voice combines with his extensive classroom experience and most innovative research to create a visual text unparalleled in the field. The text walks the student through an intriguing journey of the senses with a mixture of clarity and thoroughness. The accompanying, "Virtual Lab" media exercises (available both on CD-ROM, within the Perception PsychologyNowTM student tutorial platform, and in the online WebTutorTM Advantage product) offer a wide array of animations and examples designed to stimulate understanding of difficult concepts. Every chapter has been updated for currency and readability, and a new chapter six on Visual Attention rounds off this timely revision.
…European Union has been plagued by many crisis since its beginning (during the fifties and sixties as the periods following the ruins of the World War Two in Europe, then, during the seventies and eighties the raising of the Euro–Communism in founding countries as Germany and Italy, through terrorist organizations as “RAF” in Germany and “Brigate Rosse” in Italy, then, in the nineties with the falling of Communism in Eastern Europe with millions migrations from Eastern Europe towards Western Europe, adding another millions of refugees out of Africa and Asia, particularly out of Islam poor world within Europe Union… …Our book LEX SAPIENS is trying to reiterate the battlefields of the author with the remnants of communist regime in Eastern Europe, which instead of being condemned by the European Institutions (Council, Parliament, Commission), is further protected through many irrationalities done by the Europe Union as whole (regretfully, to many failures and mistakes within Europe Union, throughout of its 62 years of existence)… LEX SAPIENTOLOGIST
The title in itself is intended to be an encouragement of our Ethics’ Commission of the United States Congress, to which was addressed a petition about a year ago (January 2017) regarding the misusing and abusing of the concept of RACE in regarding Species Sapiens, Genus (Gattung) Homo in our American Constitution… It is in some way understandable that the human history, including the history of the American People, has had in its entirety many white links throughout its genesis phases, throughout its evolutionary and devolutionary periods and throughout its controversial becoming and fulfillments… But to persist in a such dramatic controversial field of different RACE within Species Sapiens, Genus Homo, Hominid Family, Order Primate, Class Mammalia, Phylum(Stamm) Vertebrata, Kingdom Animalia, despite of all anthropological, physiological and genetically advancements in the last 50 years, including Human Genom Project, is a dangerous disregarding of all scientific arguments, which are supporting beyond of any doubt, that the Species Sapiens is a Species without different Races within… Sapientologist
While students today have access to more sources of information than ever before, they are not necessarily equipped to make informed judgments about those sources. Teaching students to evaluate sources has become even more challenging in the last year, as issues regarding fake news and “alternative facts” have become a heated matter in conversations taking place in the public sphere. The book will present students with a set of tools that they can use to evaluate any source that they encounter. In addition to learning how to use sources in their writing, students who read Who’s Your Source? will become more savvy consumers of the sources they encounter in their daily lives.
Seeing and reading this sentence may seem like a no brainer--but your perception is just a tiny part of what is happening in your brain and body right now (both are much busier than you might think). SENSATION AND PERCEPTION has helped many readers understand the ties between how we sense the world and how the body interprets these senses. A key strength of this book has always been the ability to illustrate concepts through examples and visuals. Dr. Goldstein walks you through an intriguing journey of the senses, combining clear writing, his extensive classroom experience, and innovative research to create a visual, colorful book. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
…We are under pressure in rethinking and um - thinking of the whole of the European Union history and historiology,, after big waves of union’s earthquakes, by mentioning here the big financial crisis between 2008-2010, or Brexit of Great Britain, an embittered fought inside of the European Union between the years 2016 and the present 2020… …It is not mentioned here the waves of migrants in the last twenty years towards European Union, through which a world of social pathology is accompanied and enhanced by a dramatic pandemic’s world of biologic pathology, this worst issues of viral disease, out-breaking in the year 2020, having catastrophic consequences over European Union… …We will remake another configuration of the initial CONSTITUTION OF EUROPE, written and rewritten published and republished with about 15 years ago, resembling a parallel dialectical becoming between a finisher and a re-finisher in constitution or between an influencer and re-influencer in social sciences… Terminology of different constitutions will be different in their substance and their semantics and meaning, reflecting the difference in temporality and creativity of the author, but the basic principles of ethics and morality are into the both constitutions, the sameness … If European Union needs a constitution, then, European Union must know very well the history of Europe itself, must know the inhabitants, the native, the people and the citizens of Europe, the science and technology of Europe, the art and religions of Europe, the geography and demography of Europe, since the oldest times of Upper Paleolithic, of Neolithic, of Antiquity, of Middle Age, of Renaissance, of Enlightenment, of Modern Times and of present Third Millennium Times, all in detail, all in reality, all in morality and rationality, including here the ideologies, the irrationality and tragedies of Europe, culminating in 20th century, with two world wars… More than that, our Constitution of European Union is desired to be and to become, a pilot project in searching and researching in anthropo-sapientology, a vector of axiological and epistemological substance in knowledge and discoveries… …It is the first time in Human Known History and Historiology (logos of history, reasoning of history, wisdom of history), when, a Constitution is becoming also a vector of knowledge, sensing and re-sensing a searching and researching project in Antropos-Sapientology, finally, a form of concrete epistemology, a substantial gnoseology, having an explicit and implicit proper function of axiology in oneself, for oneself and through oneself… Constitutionalist of European Union