Literary criticism produced by Indian scholars from the earliest times to the present age is represented in this book. These include Bharatamuni, Tholkappiyar, Anandavardhana, Abhinavagupta, Jnaneshwara, Amir Khusrau, Mirza Ghalib, Rabindranath Tagore, Sri Aurobindo, B.S. Mardhekar, Ananda Coomaraswamy, and A.K. Ramanujam and Sudhir Kakar among others. Their statements have been translated into English by specialists from Sanskrit, Persian and other languages.
This Is The First Of Three-Volume Anthology Of Writings In Twenty-Two Indian Languages, Including English, That Intends To Present The Wonderful Diversities Of Themes And Genres Of Indian Literature. This Volume Comprises Representative Specimens Of Poems From Different Languages In English Translation, Along With Perceptive Surveys Of Each Literature During The Period Between 1850 And 1975.
Although much contemporary American Indian literature examines the relationship between humans and the land, most Native authors do not set their work in the "pristine wilderness" celebrated by mainstream nature writers. Instead, they focus on settings such as reservations, open-pit mines, and contested borderlands. Drawing on her own teaching experience among Native Americans and on lessons learned from such recent scenes of confrontation as Chiapas and Black Mesa, Joni Adamson explores why what counts as "nature" is often very different for multicultural writers and activist groups than it is for mainstream environmentalists. This powerful book is one of the first to examine the intersections between literature and the environment from the perspective of the oppressions of race, class, gender, and nature, and the first to review American Indian literature from the standpoint of environmental justice and ecocriticism. By examining such texts as Sherman Alexie's short stories and Leslie Marmon Silko's novel Almanac of the Dead, Adamson contends that these works, in addition to being literary, are examples of ecological criticism that expand Euro-American concepts of nature and place. Adamson shows that when we begin exploring the differences that shape diverse cultural and literary representations of nature, we discover the challenge they present to mainstream American culture, environmentalism, and literature. By comparing the work of Native authors such as Simon Ortiz with that of environmental writers such as Edward Abbey, she reveals opportunities for more multicultural conceptions of nature and the environment. More than a work of literary criticism, this is a book about the search to find ways to understand our cultural and historical differences and similarities in order to arrive at a better agreement of what the human role in nature is and should be. It exposes the blind spots in early ecocriticism and shows the possibilities for building common groundÑ a middle placeÑ where writers, scholars, teachers, and environmentalists might come together to work for social and environmental change.
A Major Activity Of The Sahitya Akademi Is The Preparation Of An Encyclopaedia Of Indian Literature. The Venture, Covering Twenty-Two Languages Of India, Is The First Of Its Kind. Written In English, The Encyclopaedia Gives A Comprehensive Idea Of The Growth And Development Of Indian Literature. The Entries On Authors, Books And General Topics Have Been Tabulated By The Concerned Advisory Boards And Finalised By A Steering Committee. Hundreds Of Writers All Over The Country Contributed Articles On Various Topics. The Encyclopaedia, Planned As A Six-Volume Project, Has Been Brought Out. The Sahitya Akademi Embarked Upon This Project In Right Earnest In 1984. The Efforts Of The Highly Skilled And Professional Editorial Staff Started Showing Results And The First Volume Was Brought Out In 1987. The Second Volume Was Brought Out In 1988, The Third In 1989, The Fourth In 1991, The Fifth In 1992, And The Sixth Volume In 1994. All The Six Volumes Together Include Approximately 7500 Entries On Various Topics, Literary Trends And Movements, Eminent Authors And Significant Works. The First Three Volume Were Edited By Prof. Amaresh Datta, Fourth And Fifth Volume By Mohan Lal And Sixth Volume By Shri K.C.Dutt.
Spanning A Range Of Topics-Print Culture And Oral Tales, Drama And Gender, Library Use And Publishing History, Theatre And Audiences, Detective Fiction And Low-Caste Novels-This Book Will Appeal To Historians, Cultural Theorists, Sociologists And All Interested In Understanding The Multiplicity Of India`S Cultural Traditions And Literary Histories.
The Twenty-Five Critical Studies In The Book Which Cover A Wide Spectrum Of Subjects, Authors, Titles And Concepts Across Time And Space, May Be Broadly Classified Into Four Categories : Essays On (I) Critical Theory, (Ii) On Individual Authors, (Iii) In Comparative Literature And (Iv) On Language In Addition To A Culture Study Focussed On The Present Day American Scenario.The Essays Which Encompass The Vast Areas Of Knowledge From Plato To Derrida, From Bharata And Anandavardhana To Bankim, Tagore And Contemporary Indian Literary Criticism As Well As British, French, German, American And Indian Authors Are Yet Remarkable For Profundity Of Thought, Originality Of Approach And Lucidity Of Expression.These Highly Perceptive Explorations Into The Western And The Indian Intellectual Traditions Offer A Rich Aesthetic Experience, And While Scholars Will Immensely Benefit From The Book, The General Readers Will Also Find It Highly Interesting And Enjoyable.
Spectrum History Of Indian Literature In English Accomplishes The Task Of Historical Continuity By Linking With The Past The Most Recent Present Of The Writing In English By Indians. The Book Is A Highly Useful Supplement To The Earlier Two Volumes By K.R. Srinivas Iyengar And M.K. Naik. Articles By Jasbir Jain And Sunanda Mongia Are A Spectrum Presen¬Tation Of The Latest Developments In The Field Of Indian Fiction In English In All Its Technical & Thematological Innovations. Satish Aikant'S Article Provides A Serious Backdrop To The Volume By Deliberating Upon The Historicity Of English Studies In India, Their Need, Relevance And Epistemological Repercussions. R.K. Singh'S Article Does Well To Deconstruct The Myth That Good Poetry Is Published Only By The Established Publishers. His Account Of Little Or Less Known Indian Poets In English Is Both Critical And Historically Illuminating. Charu Sheel Singh, Shyam Asnani And Attiya Singh Discuss Indian English Poetry, Criticism, Drama And Fiction Respectively. Meena Sodhi'S Article Is A Good Compilation Of Indian Autobiographies, Mostly In English, Which She Discusses With Good Critical Sense And Perceptive Imagination. A.N. Dwivedi'S Article On Indian English Short Stories Is A Comprehensive And Balanced Piece Which Is Also Rich In Illustrations. The Two Appendices Add To The Value Of The Book By Cherishing Critical Attention On What May Be Called Tradition And Experiment In Indian English Poetry And Fiction. Whereas Satish K. Gupta'S Brief Piece Highlights Homogeneity In The Sensibility Of Aurobindo And Charu Sheel, It Takes Pains And Care To Chalk Out Differences In Mode, Manner And The Whole Presentation Idiom In The Latter'S Poetry From That Of Aurobindo. Krishan Mohan Pandey'S Account Of The Post-Modemist Reaction Against Gandhi In Indian Fiction In English Is Timely. It Reaffirms Faith In An Indian Critic'S Belief In What Tagore Once Said : I Cannot Love A God Who Does Not Give Me Freedom To Deny Him.
Considering The Great Popularity Of The First Four Editions Of The Book, Twentieth Century Literary Criticism, And Keeping In Mind The Valuable Suggestions Received From Several Quarters, The Present Fifth Edition Has Been Revised And Enlarged By An Addition Of Twelve New Chapters. It Contains Fifty Chapters In All, Organized Into Two Parts.Part I Of The Book Lays Emphasis On Various Schools Of Criticism That Are Prevalent In India And The West. Each Chapter Contains An Analysis Of The Theory In Question And Shows The Trend And Development As Well As The Methodology Of Literary Criticism In The 20Th Century. Recent Issues In Twentieth Century Criticism, Postcolonial Theory, Translation Theory, Cultural Criticism And Gender Studies Are Among The Many Attractions Of The Book.Part Ii Of The Book Contains Discussions On A Large Number Of Critical Essays And Critics Such As Eliot, Richards, Leavis, Barthes, Foucault And The Postcolonial Critics. The Seminal Critical Essays Included In This Section Have Influenced The Critical Trends In The Twentieth Century And Changed The General Perception Of Criticism. These Chapters, Apart From Giving A Comprehensive Idea Of The Critical Concepts Also Provide An Analytic Study Of The Critical Works. Important Postcolonial Critics Like Edward Said, Homi K. Bhabha And Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak Have Been Discussed With New Insight.Professor Das Has Explained The Theories And The Texts With Clarity And Precision In A Lucid Language. This Is An Invaluable Reference Book For Anyone Interested In The Field Of Literary Criticism In The Twentieth Century.