This book collects research works of data-driven medical diagnosis done via Artificial Intelligence based solutions, such as Machine Learning, Deep Learning and Intelligent Optimization. Physical devices powered with Artificial Intelligence are gaining importance in diagnosis and healthcare. Medical data from different sources can also be analyzed via Artificial Intelligence techniques for more effective results.
Developments in deep learning in the past decade have led to phenomenal growth in AI-based automated medical diagnosis, opening a door to a new era of both medical research and medical industry. It is a golden age for researchers involved in the development and application of advanced machine learning techniques for medical and clinical problems. This book captures the most recent important advances in this cross-disciplinary topic and brings the latest advances to a wide audience including experts, researchers, students, industry developers and medical services.
The medical domain is home to many critical challenges that stand to be overcome with the use of data-driven clinical decision support systems (CDSS), and there is a growing set of examples of automated diagnosis, prognosis, drug design, and testing. However, the current state of AI in medicine has been summarized as “high on promise and relatively low on data and proof.” If such problems can be addressed, a data-driven approach will be very important to the future of CDSSs as it simplifies the knowledge acquisition and maintenance process, a process that is time-consuming and requires considerable human effort. Diverse Perspectives and State-of-the-Art Approaches to the Utilization of Data-Driven Clinical Decision Support Systems critically reflects on the challenges that data-driven CDSSs must address to become mainstream healthcare systems rather than a small set of exemplars of what might be possible. It further identifies evidence-based, successful data-driven CDSSs. Covering topics such as automated planning, diagnostic systems, and explainable artificial intelligence, this premier reference source is an excellent resource for medical professionals, healthcare administrators, IT managers, pharmacists, students and faculty of higher education, librarians, researchers, and academicians.
The use of artificial intelligence (AI) in various fields is of major importance to improve the use of resourses and time. This book provides an analysis of how AI is used in both the medical field and beyond. Topics that will be covered are bioinformatics, biostatistics, dentistry, diagnosis and prognosis, smart materials, and drug discovery as they intersect with AI. Also, an outlook of the future of an AI-assisted society will be explored.
Deep Learning for Medical Applications with Unique Data informs readers about the most recent deep learning-based medical applications in which only unique data gathered in real cases are used. The book provides examples of how deep learning can be used in different problem areas and frameworks in both clinical and research settings, including medical image analysis, medical image registration, time series analysis, medical data synthesis, drug discovery, and pre-processing operations. The volume discusses not only positive findings, but also negative ones obtained by deep learning techniques, including the use of newly developed deep learning techniques rarely reported in the existing literature. The book excludes research works with ready data sets and includes only unique data use to better understand the state of deep learning in real-world cases, along with the feedback and user experiences from physicians and medical staff for applied deep learning-based solutions. Other applications presented in the book include hybrid solutions with deep learning support, disease diagnosis with deep learning focusing on rare diseases and cancer, patient care and treatment, genomics research, as well as research on robotics and autonomous systems. Introduces deep learning, demonstrating concepts for a wide variety of medical applications using unique data, excluding research with ready datasets Encompasses a wide variety of biomedical applications, including unsupervised learning, natural language processing, pattern recognition, image and video processing and disease diagnosis Provides a robust set of methods that will help readers appropriately and judiciously use the most suitable deep learning techniques for their applications
Data Science for Effective Healthcare Systems has a prime focus on the importance of data science in the healthcare domain. Various applications of data science in the health care domain have been studied to find possible solutions. In this period of COVID-19 pandemic data science and allied areas plays a vital role to deal with various aspect of health care. Image processing, detection & prevention from COVID-19 virus, drug discovery, early prediction, and prevention of diseases are some thrust areas where data science has proven to be indispensable. Key Features: The book offers comprehensive coverage of the most essential topics, including: Big Data Analytics, Applications & Challenges in Healthcare Descriptive, Predictive and Prescriptive Analytics in Healthcare Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Deep Learning and IoT in Healthcare Data Science in Covid-19, Diabetes, Coronary Heart Diseases, Breast Cancer, Brain Tumor The aim of this book is also to provide the future scope of these technologies in the health care domain. Last but not the least, this book will surely benefit research scholar, persons associated with healthcare, faculty, research organizations, and students to get insights into these emerging technologies in the healthcare domain.
Artificial Intelligence and Data Driven Optimization of Internal Combustion Engines summarizes recent developments in Artificial Intelligence (AI)/Machine Learning (ML) and data driven optimization and calibration techniques for internal combustion engines. The book covers AI/ML and data driven methods to optimize fuel formulations and engine combustion systems, predict cycle to cycle variations, and optimize after-treatment systems and experimental engine calibration. It contains all the details of the latest optimization techniques along with their application to ICE, making it ideal for automotive engineers, mechanical engineers, OEMs and R&D centers involved in engine design. Provides AI/ML and data driven optimization techniques in combination with Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to optimize engine combustion systems Features a comprehensive overview of how AI/ML techniques are used in conjunction with simulations and experiments Discusses data driven optimization techniques for fuel formulations and vehicle control calibration
This book encapsulates recent applications of CI methods in the field of computational oncology, especially cancer diagnosis, prognosis, and its optimized therapeutics. The cancer has been known as a heterogeneous disease categorized in several different subtypes. According to WHO’s recent report, cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for over 10 million deaths in the year 2020. Therefore, its early diagnosis, prognosis, and classification to a subtype have become necessary as it facilitates the subsequent clinical management and therapeutics plan. Computational intelligence (CI) methods, including artificial neural networks (ANNs), fuzzy logic, evolutionary computations, various machine learning and deep learning, and nature-inspired algorithms, have been widely utilized in various aspects of oncology research, viz. diagnosis, prognosis, therapeutics, and optimized clinical management. Appreciable progress has been made toward the understanding the hallmarks of cancer development, progression, and its effective therapeutics. However, notwithstanding the extrinsic and intrinsic factors which lead to drastic increment in incidence cases, the detection, diagnosis, prognosis, and therapeutics remain an apex challenge for the medical fraternity. With the advent in CI-based approaches, including nature-inspired techniques, and availability of clinical data from various high-throughput experiments, medical consultants, researchers, and oncologists have seen a hope to devise and employ CI in various aspects of oncology. The main aim of the book is to occupy state-of-the-art applications of CI methods which have been derived from core computer sciences to back medical oncology. This edited book covers artificial neural networks, fuzzy logic and fuzzy inference systems, evolutionary algorithms, various nature-inspired algorithms, and hybrid intelligent systems which are widely appreciated for the diagnosis, prognosis, and optimization of therapeutics of various cancers. Besides, this book also covers multi-omics exploration, gene expression analysis, gene signature identification of cancers, genomic characterization of tumors, anti-cancer drug design and discovery, drug response prediction by means of CI, and applications of IoT, IoMT, and blockchain technology in cancer research.
This book uncovers the stakes and possibilities of handling pandemic diseases with the help of Computational Intelligence, using cases and applications from the current Covid-19 pandemic. The book chapters will focus on the application of CI and its related fields in managing different aspects of Covid-19, including modelling of the disease spread, data-driven prediction, identification of disease hotspots, and medical decision support.
Data Science for COVID-19 presents leading-edge research on data science techniques for the detection, mitigation, treatment and elimination of COVID-19. Sections provide an introduction to data science for COVID-19 research, considering past and future pandemics, as well as related Coronavirus variations. Other chapters cover a wide range of Data Science applications concerning COVID-19 research, including Image Analysis and Data Processing, Geoprocessing and tracking, Predictive Systems, Design Cognition, mobile technology, and telemedicine solutions. The book then covers Artificial Intelligence-based solutions, innovative treatment methods, and public safety. Finally, readers will learn about applications of Big Data and new data models for mitigation. Provides a leading-edge survey of Data Science techniques and methods for research, mitigation and treatment of the COVID-19 virus Integrates various Data Science techniques to provide a resource for COVID-19 researchers and clinicians around the world, including both positive and negative research findings Provides insights into innovative data-oriented modeling and predictive techniques from COVID-19 researchers Includes real-world feedback and user experiences from physicians and medical staff from around the world on the effectiveness of applied Data Science solutions
Artificial Intelligence and Big Data Analytics for Smart Healthcare serves as a key reference for practitioners and experts involved in healthcare as they strive to enhance the value added of healthcare and develop more sustainable healthcare systems. It brings together insights from emerging sophisticated information and communication technologies such as big data analytics, artificial intelligence, machine learning, data science, medical intelligence, and, by dwelling on their current and prospective applications, highlights managerial and policymaking challenges they may generate. The book is split into five sections: big data infrastructure, framework and design for smart healthcare; signal processing techniques for smart healthcare applications; business analytics (descriptive, diagnostic, predictive and prescriptive) for smart healthcare; emerging tools and techniques for smart healthcare; and challenges (security, privacy, and policy) in big data for smart healthcare. The content is carefully developed to be understandable to different members of healthcare chain to leverage collaborations with researchers and industry. Presents a holistic discussion on the new landscape of data driven medical technologies including Big Data, Analytics, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Precision Medicine Discusses such technologies with case study driven approach with reference to real world application and systems, to make easier the understanding to the reader not familiar with them Encompasses an international collaboration perspective, providing understandable knowledge to professionals involved with healthcare to leverage productive partnerships with technology developers
Artificial Intelligence (AI) in general and machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) in particular and related digital technologies are a couple of fledging paradigms that next-generation healthcare services are sprinting towards. These digital technologies can transform various aspects of healthcare, leveraging advances in computing and communication power. With a new spectrum of business opportunities, AI-powered healthcare services will improve the lives of patients, their families, and societies. However, the application of AI in the healthcare field requires special attention given the direct implication with human life and well-being. Rapid progress in AI leads to the possibility of exploiting healthcare data for designing practical tools for automated diagnosis of chronic diseases such as dementia and diabetes. This book highlights the current research trends in applying AI models in various disease diagnoses and prognoses to provide enhanced healthcare solutions. The primary audience of the book are postgraduate students and researchers in the broad domain of healthcare technologies. Features In-depth coverage of the role of AI in smart healthcare Research guidelines for AI and data science researchers/practitioners interested in the healthcare sector Comprehensive coverage on security and privacy issues for AI in smart healthcare