Released on 2012-08-17Categories Business & Economics

Rational Choice

Rational Choice

Author: Itzhak Gilboa

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262518055

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 177

View: 484

A nontechnical, concise, and rigorous introduction to the rational choice paradigm, focusing on basic insights applicable in fields ranging from economics to philosophy. This book offers a rigorous, concise, and nontechnical introduction to some of the fundamental insights of rational choice theory. It draws on formal theories of microeconomics, decision making, games, and social choice, and on ideas developed in philosophy, psychology, and sociology. Itzhak Gilboa argues that economic theory has provided a set of powerful models and broad insights that have changed the way we think about everyday life. He focuses on basic insights of the rational choice paradigm—the general conceptualization rather than a particular theory—that survive recent (and well-justified) critiques of economic theory's various failures. Gilboa explains the main concepts in language accessible to the nonspecialist, offering a nonmathematical guide to some of the main ideas developed in economic theory in the second half of the twentieth century. Chapters cover feasibility and desirability, utility maximization, constrained optimization, expected utility, probability and statistics, aggregation of preferences, games and equilibria, free markets, and rationality and emotions. Online appendixes offer additional material, including a survey of relevant mathematical concepts.
Released on 2003-01-24Categories Philosophy

Rationality in Action

Rationality in Action

Author: John R. Searle

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262250616

Category: Philosophy

Page: 324

View: 735

The study of rationality and practical reason, or rationality in action, has been central to Western intellectual culture. In this invigorating book, John Searle lays out six claims of what he calls the Classical Model of rationality and shows why they are false. He then presents an alternative theory of the role of rationality in thought and action. A central point of Searle's theory is that only irrational actions are directly caused by beliefs and desires—for example, the actions of a person in the grip of an obsession or addiction. In most cases of rational action, there is a gap between the motivating desire and the actual decision making. The traditional name for this gap is "freedom of the will." According to Searle, all rational activity presupposes free will. For rationality is possible only where one has a choice among various rational as well as irrational options. Unlike many philosophical tracts, Rationality in Action invites the reader to apply the author's ideas to everyday life. Searle shows, for example, that contrary to the traditional philosophical view, weakness of will is very common. He also points out the absurdity of the claim that rational decision making always starts from a consistent set of desires. Rational decision making, he argues, is often about choosing between conflicting reasons for action. In fact, humans are distinguished by their ability to be rationally motivated by desire-independent reasons for action. Extending his theory of rationality to the self, Searle shows how rational deliberation presupposes an irreducible notion of the self. He also reveals the idea of free will to be essentially a thesis of how the brain works.
Released on 2019-12-10Categories Social Science

Criminology

Criminology

Author: Anthony Walsh

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781544375397

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 674

Anthony Walsh and Cody Jorgensen’s Criminology: The Essentials introduces students to major theoretical perspectives and topics in a concise, easy-to-read format. This straightforward overview of key subject areas in criminology thoroughly covers the most up-to-date advances in theory and research while challenging students to consider the applications of these theories and their policy implications. The Fourth Edition includes new topics, events, and developments in criminology. INSTRUCTORS: Criminology: The Essentials is accompanied by a complete teaching and learning package! Contact your rep to request a demo. SAGE Premium Video Theory in Action Videos and SAGE News Clips in the Interactive eBook boost student comprehension and bolster analysis. Watch a sample video. Interactive eBook Your students save when you bundle the print book with the Interactive eBook (Bundle ISBN: 978-1-0718-1338-6), which includes access to SAGE Premium Video and other multimedia tools. Learn more. LMS Cartridge (formally known as SAGE Coursepacks) Import this title’s instructor resources into your school’s learning management system (LMS) and save time. Don’t use an LMS? You can still access all of the same online resources for this title via the password-protected Instructor Resource Site. Learn more. SAGE edge This open-access site offers students an impressive array of learning tools and resources. Learn more.
Released on 2014-01-21Categories Business & Economics

The Varieties of Economic Rationality

The Varieties of Economic Rationality

Author: Michel Zouboulakis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317817499

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 172

View: 981

The concept of economic rationality is important for the historical evolution of Economics as a scientific discipline. The common idea about this concept -even between economists- is that it has a unique meaning which is universally accepted. This new volume argues that "economic rationality" is not not a universal concept with one single meaning, and that it in fact has different, if not conflicting, interpretations in the evolution of discourse on economics. In order to achieve this, the book traces the historical evolution of the concept of economic rationality from Adam Smith to the present, taking in thinkers from Mill to Friedman, and encompassing approaches from neoclassical to behavioural economics. The book charts this history in order to reveal important instances of conceptual transformation of the meaning of economic rationality. In doing so, it presents a uniquely detailed study of the historical change of the many faces of the homo oeconomicus .
Released on 2017-05-15Categories Science

Politics

Politics

Author: Virginie Mamadouh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351910286

Category: Science

Page: 572

View: 272

Depending on the breadth or narrowness of the understanding of politics and the political, "politics" in human geography is defined as either the operation of power in all social relations or the workings of power directed to or by the state. This volume avoids the two extremes by acknowledging the transformation of approaches to the political in human geography over the past few decades but also by highlighting the continued importance of the more traditional state-based conception of politics. The selected articles are clustered around six themes: new agendas in political geography, state territoriality, international relations and globalization, internal territorial organisation and geographical scale, social movements and electoral participation, and identities and citizenship.
Released on 2010Categories Business & Economics

Rational Choice

Rational Choice

Author: Itzhak Gilboa

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262014007

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 177

View: 582

A nontechnical, concise, and rigorous introduction to the rational choice paradigm,focusing on basic insights applicable in fields ranging from economics to philosophy.
Released on 2017-09-29Categories Philosophy

Tradition, Rationality, and Virtue

Tradition, Rationality, and Virtue

Author: Thomas D. D'Andrea

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351878302

Category: Philosophy

Page: 504

View: 591

Tradition, Rationality, and Virtue provides the first comprehensive and detailed treatment of the work of Alasdair MacIntyre. In this book Thomas D'Andrea presents an accessible critical study of the full range of MacIntyre's thought across ethical theory, psychoanalytic theory, social and political philosophy, Marxist theory, and the philosophy of religion. Moving from the roots of MacIntyre's thought in ethical inquiry, this book examines MacIntyre's treatment of Marx, Christianity, and the nature of human action and discusses in depth the development and applications of MacIntyre's After Virtue project. The book culminates in an examination of major internal and external criticisms of MacIntyre's work and a consideration of its future directions.
Released on 2002Categories Social Science

Rational Woman

Rational Woman

Author: Raia Prokhovnik

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 0719062594

Category: Social Science

Page: 234

View: 243

Study of the way the mind/body dichotomy has perpetuated social hierarchy on the basis of gender. Having investigated the two major dualisms contained in the term 'rational woman', the author argues for a new relational conception of all the terms involved in 'rational woman', emphasizing the relationship of interdependence of reason and emotion, man and woman, rather than placing these terms in hierarchical and polarized opposition. 1st ed.: 2002.
Released on 2009-09-30Categories Social Science

Juvenile Justice

Juvenile Justice

Author: Richard Lawrence

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412970129

Category: Social Science

Page: 337

View: 962

This textbook presents an overview of the major subject areas in juvenile justice, with some of the latest research available from books, journal articles, and government documents. It includes special features that engage the reader in thinking critically about the subjects, with practical examples of justice in action, laws, policies, and programs in juvenile justice.