This manual focuses on how and when a set of low-cost or free drugs should be used in developing countries to control a set of diseases caused by worm infections. Preventive chemotherapy in this context means using drugs that are effective against a broad range of worm infections to simultaneously treat the four most common diseases caused by worms: river blindness (onchocerciasis), elephantiasis (lymphatic filariasis), schistosomiasis, and soil-transmitted helminthiasis. Significant opportunities also exist to integrate these efforts with the prevention and control of diseases such as trachoma. The new approach provides a critical first step in combining treatment regimens for diseases which, although different in themselves, require common resources and delivery strategies for control or elimination.
Helminth infections are caused by parasitic worms (including tapeworms and roundworms). These diseases are associated with poverty, and in school-age populations in developing countries, intestinal helminth infections rank first among the causes of all communicable and noncommunicable diseases. This book is based on papers presented at an OECD conference, held in Bali, Indonesia in February 2000, which sought to review activities for the control of diseases due to soil-transmitted helminth infections in Indonesia and neighbouring countries.
Author: WHO Expert Committee on the Control of Schistosomiasis
Schistosomiasis (sometimes called bilharziasis) is a human parasitic disease which ranks second behind malaria in terms of its socioeconomic and public health importance in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. This disease is endemic in many developing countries, however cost-effective solutions are both available and deliverable. This report contains the findings of a WHO expert committee which met to consider the prevention and control of this disease and related infections. Its recommendations provide clear strategic guidance on the implementation of control measures and on ensuring their sustainability.
Providing the latest coverage on emerging and re-emerging diseases from around the world, such as tuberculosis and malaria, this updated guide contains boxes and tables that highlight key information on current therapies. This edition includes online access for more information.
Author: WHO Expert Committee on the Selection and Use of Essential Medicines
Publisher: World Health Organization
Category: Business & Economics
This report presents the recommendations of the WHO Expert Committee responsible for updating the WHO Model Lists of Essential Medicines. It contains a summary of the Committee's considerations and justifications for additions and changes to the Model Lists, including its recommendations. Annexes to the main report include the revised version of the WHO Model List of Essential Medicines (17th edition) and the WHO Model List of Essential Medicines for Children (3rd edition). In addition there is a list of all the items on the Model Lists sorted according to their Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification codes. An additional annex covers the Report of a Supplementary Meeting of the Expert Committee on the Selection and Use of Essential Medicines which took place in Geneva in January 2010 to consider treatment of the pandemic influenza virus.
International Encyclopedia of Public Health, Second Edition is an authoritative and comprehensive guide to the major issues, challenges, methods, and approaches of global public health. Taking a multidisciplinary approach, this new edition combines complementary scientific fields of inquiry, linking biomedical research with the social and life sciences to address the three major themes of public health research, disease, health processes, and disciplines. This book helps readers solve real-world problems in global and local health through a multidisciplinary and comprehensive approach. Covering all dimensions of the field, from the details of specific diseases, to the organization of social insurance agencies, the articles included cover the fundamental research areas of health promotion, economics, and epidemiology, as well as specific diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and reproductive health. Additional articles on the history of public health, global issues, research priorities, and health and human rights make this work an indispensable resource for students, health researchers, and practitioners alike. Provides the most comprehensive, high-level, internationally focused reference work available on public health Presents an invaluable resource for both researchers familiar with the field and non-experts requiring easy-to-find, relevant, global information and a greater understanding of the wider issues Contains interdisciplinary coverage across all aspects of public health Incorporates biomedical and health social science issues and perspectives Includes an international focus with contributions from global domain experts, providing a complete picture of public health issues
"The accompanying interactive, searchable and hyperlinked CD-ROM includes all of the WWDR2 data tables, graphs, charts and maps, as well as detailed sections on indicator and case study developments..."--p.  of cover.
Meyler's Side Effects of Drugs: The International Encyclopedia of Adverse Drug Reactions and Interactions, Sixteenth Edition builds on the success of the 15 previous editions, providing an extensively reorganized and expanded resource that now comprises more than 1,500 individual drug articles with the most complete coverage of adverse reactions and interactions found anywhere. Each article contains detailed and authoritative information about the adverse effects of each drug, with comprehensive references to the primary literature, making this a must–have reference work for any academic or medical library, pharmacologist, regulatory organization, hospital dispensary, or pharmaceutical company. The online version of the book provides an unparalleled depth of coverage and functionality by offering convenient desktop access and enhanced features such as increased searchability, extensive internal cross-linking, and fully downloadable and printable full-text, HTML or PDF articles. Enhanced encyclopedic format with drug monographs now organized alphabetically Completely expanded coverage of each drug, with more than 1,500 drug articles and information on adverse reactions and interactions Clearer, systematic organization of information for easier reading, including case histories to provide perspective on each listing Extensive bibliography with over 40,000 references A must–have reference work for any academic or medical library, pharmacologist, regulatory organization, hospital dispensary, or pharmaceutical company
In the last several decades, international traffic volume has significantly increased, raising the risk of infectious diseases and their spread. In this important volume, the impact of health issues is explored in connection with travel. Not only does the book explore the risk of diseases such as H1N1 (otherwise known as swine flu), malaria, salmonella, and Legionellosis, it also addresses health regulations for travel to foreign countries, alcohol use and hospitality-related health problems and issues, medical tourism (patients seeking less expensive medical procedures in countries other than their own), and much more.
Water Health is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. These volumes discuss matters of great relevance to our world on desalination which is a critically important as clearly the only possible means of producing fresh water from the sea for many parts of the world. The two volumes present state-of-the art subject matter of various aspects of water health such as: Water And Health; Classification Of Water-Related Disease; Burden Of Disease: Current Situation And Trends; Transmission And Prevention Of Water-Related Diseases; Goals Of Water Treatment And Disinfection: Reduction In Morbidity And Mortality; Diseases Associated With Drinking Water Supplies That Meet Treatment And Indicator Specifications; New And Emerging Waterborne Infectious Diseases; Safe Drinking Water In The Twenty-First Century: Priorities For Public Health; Health Impact And Economic Costs Of Poor Water And Sanitation; Water Safety Plans For Water Technologies; Hygiene Promotion; Institutional Issues In The Delivery Of Water And Sanitation Services; Economics And Financing In The Water Sector; Monitoring Drinking Water Supplies; Zoonoses Acquired Through Drinking Water; Microbiological Water Quality Assessment (Catchment To Tap); Epidemiologic Studies Of Disinfectants And Disinfectant By-Products; Health Effects Of Chemical Contamination Of Drinking Water Supplies; Unconventional Sources Of Water Supply; Point-Of-Use Water Treatment For Home And Travel; Treatment And Safe Storage Of Water In Households Without Piped Supplies Of Treated Water; Quantifying Health Risks In Wastewater Irrigation Impacts Of Eutrophication On The Safety Of Drinking And Recreational Water; Groundwater And Public Health; Aquaculture And Mariculture; Recreation In Natural Water Resources; Dry Sanitation Technologies - Can They Be Sustainable?; Constraints To Improving Water And Sanitation Services; Human Health In Water Resources Development; Toxic Cyanobacteria; Multiple Uses Of Water And Human Health; Health Impact Assessment; Water Reclamation And Reuse; Role Of Water Reuse In Management Of Urban Water Resources; The Uses Of Recycled Water; Coming To Terms With Nature: Water Reuse New Paradigm Towards Integrated Water Resources Management; Helminth Ova Control In Wastewater And Sludge For Agricultural Reuse. These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy and Decision Makers
Netter’s Infectious Diseases provides a comprehensive yet concise overview of current global infectious disease concerns. Elaine Jong and Dennis Stevens cover the basics of the field using beautiful Netter illustrations and accessible "need to know" information on major conditions and problems— including multi-drug-resistance, Staph infections, Chagas disease, and the flu. In print and online, it’s a great tool for quick review or for sharing with patients and staff. Review the basics of infectious disease through comprehensive coverage contained in a single volume reference. Apply "need to know" information from the uniformly concise text and instructive Netter paintings. View detailed Netter illustrations that provide a quick and memorable overview of microbiology, pathophysiology, and clinical presentation. Stay current on modern infectious disease concerns—such as multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis, Staph aureus, Chagas disease, and the flu—with new illustrations in the Netter tradition specifically created to address new topics. Access a companion website at www.netterreference.com featuring the complete searchable text, an Image Bank containing all of the book’s illustrations...downloadable for your personal use, plus 25 printable patient education brochures.