Author: Task Committee on Crane Safety on Construction Sites
Publisher: ASCE Publications
Category: Technology & Engineering
Crane Safety on Construction Sites (ASCE Manuals and Reports on Engineering Practice No. 93) was written to aid the construction industry in the management of crane operations. Crane operations in construction range from unloading and setting equipment on a one-time basis to using numerous cranes that perform multiple tasks on larger complex projects. This manual addresses these variables by clearly defining and assigning crane management responsibilities. It discusses issues such as safety plans, responsibilities, supervision and management, operations, training, manufacture, crane safety devices, and regulations in some detail as they relate to crane management. Appendixes are provided that list additional resources, manufacturers of crane safety devices, and explore case studies of crane accidents.
Nine chapters developed by an ASCE task committee examine such issues as safety plans, design and manufacture of cranes, training and licensing of operators, supervision of crane operators at the construction site, responsibilities of the various parties concerned, crane safety devices, and transpor
This NEBOSH-endorsed textbook is matched to the latest syllabus of the National Certificate in Construction Safety and Health. Within the construction industry the need for specialist health and safety training is high due to the high risks involved. This is reflected in recent legislation such as CDM 2007 and explains the consistent demand for courses and learning materials. The text is easy to read, highly illustrated in full color, and supported with checklists, report forms and record sheets used currently in the industry. Students are supported with end-of-chapter questions, a study skills chapter and specimen assignments including specimen answers. As NEBOSH actively grow their qualifications internationally, demand for this book and it’s sister titles continues to increase overseas. High growth markets are the Middle East, Malaysia, India and China.
Occupational Safety and Hygiene II contains selected papers from the International Symposium on Occupational Safety and Hygiene (SHO2014, Guimarães, Portugal, 13-14 February 2014), which was organized by the Portuguese Society for Occupational Safety and Hygiene (SPOSHO). The contributions focus on selected topics, which include (but is not limited to): Occupational safety Risk assessment Safety management Ergonomics Management systems Environmental ergonomics Physical environments Construction safety, and Human factors The contributions in Occupational Safety and Hygiene II are mainly based on research carried out at universities and other research institutions, but also on practical studies developed by Occupational Health & Safety (OHS) Practitioners within their companies. Accordingly, this book will be a helpful text to get acquainted with the state-of-the-art of the research within the mentioned domains, as well as with some practical tools and approaches that are currently used by OHS professionals in a global context.
This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. The safety of construction workers who toil in close proximity to cranes garnered congressional attention after tower cranes were involved in multiple fatalities at buildings under construction in 2008 (e.g., nine deaths in two incidents in New York City). Additional crane-related fatalities occurred since the House Education and Labor Committee held a hearing on construction worker safety in June 2008. Contents of this report: Fatal and Nonfatal Workplace Injuries; Fatalities in the Construction Industry: Causes of All Private Construction Fatalities; Fatalities Involving Cranes; Crane Safety Standards: The Federal OSHA Standard; Standards of Jurisdictions. Charts and tables.
The safe operation of cranes requires not only the experience of the operator, but also sufficient and appropriate support in real time. Due to the dynamic nature of construction sites, unexpected changes in the site layout may create new obstacles for the crane that can result in collisions and accidents. Limited research has been done on efficient re-planning for cranes with near real-time environment updating while considering communications between construction crews. To improve the safety of mobile crane operations and to provide more awareness on site, the present research proposes a near real-time monitoring and motion planning approach to improve crane safety on construction sites using an ultra wideband (UWB) real-time location system (RTLS) technology. In addition, an agent system framework is proposed to guide crane operators for safe crane operations by enhancing environment awareness and by providing intelligent re-planning. Location data are collected from tags attached to cranes and are processed by the agent system to identify the poses of dynamic objects, which is used to generate a new motion plan to guide the crane movement and thus to avoid potential collision. A motion planning algorithm, RRT-Con-Con-Mod, is proposed to efficiently generate safe and smooth paths for crane motions, mainly for the boom movement, while taking into account the engineering constraints and the path quality. A dynamic motion planning algorithm, DRRT-Con-Con-Mod, is proposed to ensure safety during the execution phase by quickly re-planning and avoiding collisions. In addition, an anytime algorithm is proposed to search for better solutions during a given time period by improving the path smoothness and by reducing the path execution time. The proposed algorithms are compared with other motion planning and re-planning algorithms. The results show that the proposed algorithms can quickly find a safe and smooth motion plan. Several tests of a UWB system have been applied in the laboratory and in indoor and outdoor environments to investigate the requirements of applying UWB on construction sites, that is, requirements including accuracy, visibility, scalability, and real-time. To satisfy these requirements, the configuration of the UWB system has been analyzed in detail to decide the sensors' and tags' locations and numbers based on heuristic rules. These tests show a good potential for using UWB tracking technology in construction sites by processing and organizing location data into useful information for near real-time environment updating. Furthermore, the framework of an agent system is proposed to integrate the proposed methodologies of motion planning and near real-time tracking. Different agents are created to represent the equipment, to coordinate tasks, and to update the site information. The functions of these agents include exchanging information, deciding priorities, etc. The current research will benefit the construction industry by providing more awareness of dynamic construction site conditions, a safer and more efficient work site, and more reliable decision support based on good communications.
An important part of an organization's overall safety and health program involves safety management for contractors. A contractor with a poor safety program can adversely affect quality, productivity, schedules, and overall cost. This book explains how to manage project safety and improve the odds of an injury-free workplace. If project managers are to apply their judgment wisely, they need to know the rationale for each requirement, and how to implement it. They must know what is to be done, who is to do it, and when and how it should be done. The author considers all these factors. Construction Site Safety addresses the fundamental elements of a successful construction safety program. The author explains the industry trends and best practices that enable job site managers or field engineers to understand the necessary steps to ensure that contractors have and follow safety guidelines. Features
Introduction to Health and Safety at Work covers the fundamentals of occupational safety and health for the thousands of students who complete the NEBOSH National General Certificate in Occupational Health and Safety each year. Fully revised in alignment with the April 2015 syllabus, this sixth edition provides students with all they need to tackle the course with confidence. The highly illustrated content covers all of the essential elements of health and safety management, the legal framework, risk assessment and control standards and also includes checklists, report forms and record sheets to supplement learning. Aligned to the NEBOSH National General Certificate in Occupational Health and Safety Practice questions and answers to test knowledge and increase understanding Complete with a companion website containing extra resources for tutors and students at www.routledge.com/cw/hughes Written by renowned authors, the Introduction to Health and Safety at Work is also a handy reference for managers and directors dealing with the day-to-day issues of health and safety and is of great value to those studying for level 3 N/SVQ and the NEBOSH National Diploma.