The Encyclopaedia fills a gap in both the history of science and in cultural stud ies. Reference works on other cultures tend either to omit science completely or pay little attention to it, and those on the history of science almost always start with the Greeks, with perhaps a mention of the Islamic world as a trans lator of Greek scientific works. The purpose of the Encyclopaedia is to bring together knowledge of many disparate fields in one place and to legitimize the study of other cultures' science. Our aim is not to claim the superiority of other cultures, but to engage in a mutual exchange of ideas. The Western aca demic divisions of science, technology, and medicine have been united in the Encyclopaedia because in ancient cultures these disciplines were connected. This work contributes to redressing the balance in the number of reference works devoted to the study of Western science, and encourages awareness of cultural diversity. The Encyclopaedia is the first compilation of this sort, and it is testimony both to the earlier Eurocentric view of academia as well as to the widened vision of today. There is nothing that crosses disciplinary and geographic boundaries, dealing with both scientific and philosophical issues, to the extent that this work does. xi PERSONAL NOTE FROM THE EDITOR Many years ago I taught African history at a secondary school in Central Africa.
"The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science and Technology in Islam (OEPSTI) builds upon the celebrated Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World and brings together the rich history of philosophical and scientific disciplines in Islam over the last fourteen centuries."--Preface, v. 1, p. xvii.
Hospitalization, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Surgery in Iran: The Lifecycle of Medical Sciences provides a complete understanding of the lifecycle of medicine in the underserved area of Iran. Coverage elucidates the importance of communication between scientists in different countries for the further development of research to advance hospitalization infrastructure, diagnosis and treatment of diseases, and surgery techniques and availability. Using a systematic timeline approach, coverage includes early medical sciences in present day Iran. Each chapter highlights important research, techniques and procedures throughout the lifecycle of medical sciences and includes topics from bloodletting and setting bones, to anesthesia and vaccines. The book's content emphasizes standard protocols based on international recognition to help developing countries adopt newer technologies. Covers the lifecycle of medical sciences in Iran for a comprehensive introduction to developments in hospitalization, diagnosis and treatment of diseases, and surgery Shows ways that modern technology can be utilized in underserved areas of the world Provides unique perspective and insights into the diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases like M. Tuberculosis from a country that has seen the progression of the disease and its available treatments over many years
Following the success of the popular introductory text,Elementary Food Science(5th edition) coversabroad range of food science topics organized infour parts; Part (1)Interrelated food science topics, Part (2)Food safety & sanitation, Part (3)Food preservation and processing and Part (4)Handling & processing of foods. The opening two chapters discuss what food science actually is, the significanceforsociety, and the large contribution of the food industry to jobs and revenue in the USA and globally. Succeeding chapterscover food regulatory agencies, food labels, food quality and sensory evaluation, and consumer food literacy. Part (2)hastwo new chapters explaininghow microbes affect food quality,and alsofoodborne disease outbreaks; GMP is described independently and as a prerequisite for HACCP, VACCP andTACCPfood-safety management systems. Part (3) containstwo new chapters dealing with basic aspects of food processing, and the quality of dried foods. Part (4) covershandling and processing major food commodity groups (meat, dairy products, poultry and eggs, fish and shellfish, cereal grains, bakery products, fruits and vegetables, sugar confectionary). A new final chapter coversthe foodservice industry. The text highlights food science links with industry uniquelyusing the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Overall, the book is thoroughly modernized with over 1500 references cited in recognition of thousands of named food scientists and other professionals. The target readership remain unchanged for the current edition, i.e. Students of food science fromsenior high school, colleges or universities. Sections of the book will also appeal toadvanced readers from other disciplines with perhaps little or noprior food science experience. Additionally, readers covering the intersection of food science with culinary arts, foodservices, and nutritionor public health will find the book useful.