Released on 2010-11-16Categories Science

Extreme States of Matter

Extreme States of Matter

Author: Vladimir E. Fortov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642164644

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 787

With its many beautiful colour pictures, this book gives fascinating insights into the unusual forms and behaviour of matter under extremely high pressures and temperatures. These extreme states are generated, among other things, by strong shock, detonation and electric explosion waves, dense laser beams, electron and ion beams, hypersonic entry of spacecraft into dense atmospheres of planets, and in many other situations characterized by extremely high pressures and temperatures. Written by one of the world's foremost experts on the topic, this book will inform and fascinate all scientists dealing with materials properties and physics, and also serve as an excellent introduction to plasma-, shock-wave and high-energy-density physics for students and newcomers seeking an overview.
Released on 2020-04-01Categories Science

Extreme States of Matter, Revised Edition

Extreme States of Matter, Revised Edition

Author: Joseph Angelo

Publisher: Infobase Holdings, Inc

ISBN: 9781438195834

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 920

Extreme States of Matter, Revised Edition takes the reader on a journey across the most exciting scientific frontiers of the 21st century. Supported by full-color illustrations, this reference describes the unusual characteristics and properties of matter at extreme states. Such extreme states include matter at exceptionally high temperatures, exceptionally low temperatures, incredibly high pressures, intense magnetic fields, and intense gravitational fields. Readers will explore how the properties and characteristics of extreme-state matter might influence the course of human civilization in this century in this up-to-date reference edition. Chapters include: An Initial Look at Matter Nearing Extreme Conditions Birth of the Universe Atomism Very Hot Matter Life Cycles of Stars The Dark Side of the Universe Very Cold Matter Antimatter Beyond Einstein Living and Thinking Matter.
Released on 2018-02-26Categories Science

Extreme States of Matter in Strong Interaction Physics

Extreme States of Matter in Strong Interaction Physics

Author: Helmut Satz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319718941

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 348

This book is a course-tested primer on the thermodynamics of strongly interacting matter – a profound and challenging area of both theoretical and experimental modern physics. Analytical and numerical studies of statistical quantum chromodynamics provide the main theoretical tool, while in experiments, high-energy nuclear collisions are the key for extensive laboratory investigations. As such, the field straddles statistical, particle and nuclear physics, both conceptually and in the methods of investigation used. The book addresses, above all, the many young scientists starting their scientific research in this field, providing them with a general, self-contained introduction that highlights the basic concepts and ideas and explains why we do what we do. Much of the book focuses on equilibrium thermodynamics: first it presents simplified phenomenological pictures, leading to critical behavior in hadronic matter and to a quark-hadron phase transition. This is followed by elements of finite temperature lattice QCD and an exposition of the important results obtained through the computer simulation of the lattice formulation. It goes on to clarify the relationship between the resulting critical behavior due to symmetry breaking/restoration in QCD, before turning to the QCD phase diagram. The presentation of bulk equilibrium thermodyamics is completed by studying the properties of the quark-gluon plasma as a new state of strongly interacting matter. The final chapters of the book are devoted to more specific topics that arise when nuclear collisions are considered as a tool for the experimental study of QCD thermodynamics. This second edition includes a new chapter on the hydrodynamic evolution of the medium produced in nuclear collisions. Since the study of flow for strongly interacting fluids has gained ever-increasing importance over the years, it is dealt with it in some detail, including comments on gauge/gravity duality. Moreover, other aspects of experimental studies are brought up to date, such as the search for critical behavior in multihadron production, the calibration of quarkonium production in nuclear collisions, and the relation between strangeness suppression and deconfinement.
Released on 2016-03-24Categories

Thermodynamics and Equations of State for Matter

Thermodynamics and Equations of State for Matter

Author: Vladimir Fortov

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814749213

Category:

Page: 568

View: 398

The monograph presents a comparative analysis of different thermodynamic models of the equations of state. The basic ideological premises of the theoretical methods and the experiment are considered. The principal attention is on the description of states that are of greatest interest for the physics of high energy concentrations which are either already attained or can be reached in the near future in controlled terrestrial conditions, or are realized in astrophysical objects at different stages of their evolution. Ultra-extreme astrophysical and nuclear-physical applications are also analyzed where the thermodynamics of matter is affected substantially by relativism, high-power gravitational and magnetic fields, thermal radiation, transformation of nuclear particles, nucleon neutronization, and quark deconfinement. The book is intended for a wide range of specialists engaged in the study of the equations of state of matter and high energy density physics, as well as for senior students and postgraduates. Contents:PrefaceIntroductionPhase States of Matter, Their ClassificationEquations of State of Gases and LiquidsQuantum-Mechanical Models of a SolidPlasma ThermodynamicsMonte Carlo and Molecular Dynamics MethodsStatistical Substance ModelDensity Functional MethodPhase TransitionsSemi-Empirical Equations of StateRelativistic Plasma. Wide–Range DescriptionNuclear Transformations Under Strong CompressionQuark–Gluon Plasma and Strange MatterSemi-Empiric Nuclear ModelsBibliography Readership: The book is intended for a wide range of specialists engaged in the study of the equations of state of matter and high energy density physics, as well as for senior students and postgraduates.
Released on 2018-12-28Categories Science

Progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science XIV

Progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science XIV

Author: Kaoru Yamanouchi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030037864

Category: Science

Page: 291

View: 957

This 14th volume in the PUILS series presents up-to-date reviews of advances in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science, an interdisciplinary research field spanning atomic and molecular physics, molecular science, and optical science, which has been stimulated by the rapid developments in ultrafast laser technologies. Each chapter begins with an overview of the topics to be discussed, so that researchers unfamiliar to the subfield, as well as graduate students, can grasp the importance and appeal of the respective subject matter; this is followed by reports on cutting-edge discoveries. This volume covers a broad range of topics from this interdisciplinary field, e.g. atoms and molecules interacting in intense laser fields, laser-induced filamentation, high-order harmonics generation, and high-intensity lasers and their applications.
Released on 2016-01-06Categories Science

Extreme States of Matter

Extreme States of Matter

Author: Vladimir E. Fortov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319189522

Category: Science

Page: 700

View: 663

With its many beautiful colour pictures, this book gives fascinating insights into the unusual forms and behaviour of matter under extremely high pressures and temperatures. These extreme states are generated, among other things, by strong shock, detonation and electric explosion waves, dense laser beams, electron and ion beams, hypersonic entry of spacecraft into dense atmospheres of planets and in many other situations characterized by extremely high pressures and temperatures. Written by one of the world's foremost experts on the topic, this book will inform and fascinate all scientists dealing with materials properties and physics and also serve as an excellent introduction to plasma-, shock-wave and high-energy-density physics for students and newcomers seeking an overview. This second edition is thoroughly revised and expanded, in particular with new material on high energy-density physics, nuclear explosions and other nuclear transformation processes.
Released on 2004-11-05Categories Science

Equation-of-State and Physe-Transition Issues in Models of Qrdinary Astrophysical Matter

Equation-of-State and Physe-Transition Issues in Models of Qrdinary Astrophysical Matter

Author: Vladan Celebonovic

Publisher: A I P Press

ISBN: UOM:39015060798140

Category: Science

Page: 334

View: 256

All papers were peer-reviewed. The aim of the workshop was to bring together physicists and astronomers with an interest in this interdisciplinary field. Breakthroughsannounced during the workshop include: a report that a near-ten-year controversy about high-pressure experiments with hydrogen and deuterium has ended; a demonstration that dynamical effects in screening enhancements of nuclear reactions must be taken seriously; a critical assessment of systematic errors in observational helioseismological data; and a collective relaization that right now there is a remarkable number of independent advanced formalisms for astrophysically useful equations of state.
Released on 2017-12-13Categories Science

Quantum Statistics of Dense Gases and Nonideal Plasmas

Quantum Statistics of Dense Gases and Nonideal Plasmas

Author: Werner Ebeling

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319666363

Category: Science

Page: 562

View: 499

The aim of this book is the pedagogical exploration of the basic principles of quantum-statistical thermodynamics as applied to various states of matter – ranging from rare gases to astrophysical matter with high-energy density. The reader will learn in this work that thermodynamics and quantum statistics are still the concepts on which even the most advanced research is operating - despite of a flood of modern concepts, classical entities like temperature, pressure, energy and entropy are shown to remain fundamental. The physics of gases, plasmas and high-energy density matter is still a growing field and even though solids and liquids dominate our daily life, more than 99 percent of the visible Universe is in the state of gases and plasmas and the overwhelming part of matter exists at extreme conditions connected with very large energy densities, such as in the interior of stars. This text, combining material from lectures and advanced seminars given by the authors over many decades, is a must-have introduction and reference for both newcomers and seasoned researchers alike.
Released on 2012Categories Juvenile Nonfiction

Extreme States of Matter

Extreme States of Matter

Author: Joseph A. Angelo

Publisher:

ISBN: 0816076065

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 248

View: 943

Describes the unusual and sometimes bizarre characteristics and properties of matter at exceptionally high and low temperatures, exceedingly high pressures, and intense magnetic and gravitational fields.