Controlled Atmosphere Storage of Grains emerged from the International Symposium on Controlled Atmosphere Storage of Grains held at Castelgandolfo, near Rome, Italy, from May 12-15, 1980. The event was organized by ASSORENI (Association of ENI Companies for Scientific Research) and co-sponsored by FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), ICC (International Association for Cereal Chemistry) and the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The event was the first international symposium ever held on the subject and the entire breadth of the field of grain storage in controlled atmospheres was included in the six sessions, from naturally produced oxygen-poor atmospheres in underground pits to sophisticated automatic inert gas industrial storage facilities. The present volume is organized into seven parts corresponding to the six Sessions of original papers and the Round Table Discussion Session. Parts I-VI contain papers presented during the sessions on natural air-tight storage, entomology of controlled atmosphere storage, microbiology of controlled atmosphere storage, artificial controlled atmosphere storage, preservation of quality in controlled atmospheres, and facilities for artificial controlled atmosphere storage and economic aspects. The Round Table Discussion in Part VII presents the wrap-up reports for the six Sessions followed by a general discussion.
Physical Properties of Cereal Grains. Moisture and Its Measurement. Biochemical, Functional, and Nutritive Changes During Storage. Development of Storage Techniques. Whole Grain Storage. Drying Cereal Grains. Aeration and Stored Grain Management. Alternative Storage Practices. Microflora. Mycotoxins. Rodents. Insects: Identification, Damage, and Detection. Control of Stored-Grain Insects. Integrated Pest Management of Stored-Grain Insects. Sampling, Inspecting, and Grading. The Economics of Grain Storage.
Here, for the first time, is a single source of ordered, coherent information about the handling and storage of grain, grain derivatives and substitutes. The author has had a lifetime's experience in this field and the book is the culmination of six years spent compiling the valuable technical information gained from his extensive know-how. The book surveys various techniques and practical engineering options for the study, design, construction, safety, operation and maintenance of grain handling and storage facilities. An extensive bibliography permits direct access to the primary literature and the text is supplemented throughout by numerous illustrations, line drawings and photographs. With its complete and comprehensive coverage and systematic layout, the book provides a wealth of information on the basic technology and the latest developments in this field. It will be welcomed by a wide readership, including general managers, plant and engineers, manufacturers, insurance companies and all technicians and professionals involved in the daily operation, maintenance and safety of such facilities.
Ever since the beginnings of agriculture, cereals have provided unlimited health benefits to mankind as a staple food in our diet. Cereals are rich in complex carbohydrates that provide us ample energy, and help to prevent many diseases such as constipation, colon disorders, and high blood sugar levels. They enrich our overall health with abundant proteins, fats, lipids, minerals, vitamins, and enzymes. In every part of the world cereals are consumed for breakfast, lunch or dinner. Cereal Grains: Composition, Nutritional Attributes, and Potential Applications provides an overview of cereals including their properties, chemical composition, applications, postharvest losses, storage, and quality. Various well-versed researchers across the globe share their knowledge and experience covering cereal’s role in food security, allergens in grains, phytochemical profile, industrial applications, health benefits, global standard of cereals, and recent advances in cereal processing. Key Features: Contains comprehensive information on general composition and properties of cereals. Discusses the recent advances in cereal technology Provides knowledge on bioactive characterization of cereal grains Contain information on future aspect of grain quality and allergens in cereal grains This handbook is a valuable resource for students, researchers, and industrial practitioners who wish to enhance their knowledge and insights on cereal science. Researchers, scientists, and other professionals working in various cereal processing industries and other horticultural departments will also find the comprehensive information relevant to their work.
Storage losses at the farm are often assumed to be an important contributor to presumed large postharvest losses in developing countries. However, reliable and representative data on these losses are often lacking. We study farmers’ storage decisions and self-reported storage losses for grain based on two recent large-scale household surveys conducted in major agricultural areas in Ethiopia. We show that a relatively large share of grain production is stored by farm households themselves, mainly for own consumption, and that storage technologies are rudimentary. We find that farmers’ self-reported storage losses amount to an average of 4 percent of all grain stored and 2 percent of the total harvest. These storage losses are shown to differ significantly by socio-economic variables and wealth, but also by crop and humidity. We further see strong spatial heterogeneity in storage losses, being significantly higher in the southwestern part of the country. Efforts to scale up the adoption of improved storage technologies to reduce storage losses at the farm level should take into consideration these characteristics.
Transporting Operations of Food Materials within Food Factories, a volume in the Unit Operations and Processing Equipment in the Food Industry series, explains the processing operations and equipment necessary for storage and transportation of food materials within food production factories. Divided into four sections, Receiving and storage facilities, Liquid food transportation, Solid and semi- solid transportation and General material handling machines in food plants, all sections emphasize basic content relating to experimental, theoretical, computational and/or applications of food engineering principles and relevant processing equipment. Written by experts in the field of food engineering in a simple and dynamic way, the book targets all who are engaged in worldwide food processing operations, giving readers comprehensive knowledge and an understanding of different transporting facilities and equipments. Thoroughly explores alternatives in food processing through innovative transporting operations Brings novel applications of pumping and conveying operations in food industries Covers how to improve the quality and safety of food products with good transporting operations