Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2011 in the subject Business economics - Accounting and Taxes, grade: 70, University of Westminster (Westminster Business School), course: MSc Finance and Accounting - Master Dissertation, language: English, abstract: The attack and defence strategies are of critical importance for the situation of a takeover-bid from the view of the target company or the investor (raider). They can be crucial factor whether the acquisition is successful or not. Several strategies are discussed and are evidenced on the basis of practical examples. Of special importance is the development of the bid premia during the takeover process and the impact to the shareholders wealth. It can be observed that through decades and several takeover waves in the 20th century specific defence strategies pointed out as favourites in use for target managers. This project reviews the motivations for hostile takeovers, structures the random literature in this field, discusses the effects and impacts of popular attacks and defences and showcases several high-profile takeover bids.
Bachelor Thesis from the year 2007 in the subject Business economics - Miscellaneous, grade: 94,0 %, International University of Monaco, 65 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Objective of this thesis was to identify the trends and developments of country-specific defense strategies against hostile takeovers and their determinants. Thus, it was necessary to analyze which possibilities of corporate defense would actually be feasible in certain countries. Defense strategies were subdivided into preventive and ad-hoc strategies. National characteristics and differentiators were shown and analyzed regarding their suitability as a defense measure. Especially in France and Germany the big influential players have been in a process of change: banks and governments are pursuing different investment strategies and companies loose their "systematic protection." The example of Germany illustrates that companies are looking for protective alternatives as old structures like the Rhenish capitalism are breaking up. The growth of M&A activities, especially of hostile takeovers, has affected national legislation to tighten their regulations; France has lifted barriers regarding takeovers (both friendly and hostile) regarding 11 specific industries at the time being. This example illustrates the increasingly protectionist behavior in Europe on a governmental level. Corporate Governance generally takes shareholders more and more into consideration regarding the vote on the adoption of defense measures and golden parachutes. In the US, companies started to diminish golden parachutes as a result of the proposal of activist shareholders. In many European countries, however, there are still enough loopholes to avoid foregone shareholder voting. A contrary trend is to be seen in the US, where poison pills are diminished on a fast pace. In addition, shareholders vote increasingly in favor of declassified boards. Golden parachutes are still prevalent, but not for
The market for corporate control had been the playfield of bust-up artists and speculators seeking short-time profits during the 1980s. This had also encouraged many innovations in the art of hostile takeover defence. Until today anti-takeover defence has reached a very sophisticated level and most companies have erected formidable defences to counter aggressive corporate raiders. With her book Jeanette Gorzala provides a global perspective on hostile take-over defence during the latest merger wave. The focus lies on firstly determining the most common anti-takeover defence strategies and then in a second step evaluating their effectiveness to ward off corporate raiders. For this purpose the underlying concepts of the formal theory are presented in order to serve as a fundamental basis for an empirical study. In order to underline the theory with empirical evidence a sample of 335 hostile takeover bids launched in the timeframe from January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2008 has been analyzed. The key findings of the study are presented along two vital research questions reflecting the purpose of this book.
Do you ever wonder if there’s a connection between the corruption scandals in the news and the steady decline in the quality of life for millions of Americans? Do you ever wonder what corporations get for the millions of dollars they pour into the American political system? Do you ever think the government has been hijacked by forces hostile to average Americans? Do you ever want to fight back? Millions of Americans lack health care and millions more struggle to afford it. Politicians claim they care, then pass legislation that just sends more cash to the HMOs. Wages have been stagnant for thirty years, even as corporate profits skyrocket. Politicians say they want to fix the problem and then pass bills written by lobbyists that drive wages even lower and punish those crushed by debt. Jobs are being shipped overseas, pensions are being cut, and energy is becoming unaffordable. And our government, more concerned about maintaining its corporate sponsorship than protecting its citizens, does nothing about it. In Hostile Takeover, David Sirota, a major new voice in American politics, seeks to open the eyes of ordinary Americans to the fact that corporate interests have undermined democracy, aided and abetted by their lackeys in our allegedly representative government. At a time when more and more of America’s major political leaders are being indicted or investigated for corruption, Sirota takes readers on a journey that shows how all of this nefarious behavior happened right under our noses—and how the high-profile scandals are merely one product of a political system and debate wholly owned by Big Money interests. Sirota considers major public issues that feel intractable—like spiraling health care costs, the outsourcing of jobs, the inequities of the tax code, and out-of-control energy prices—and shows how in each case workable solutions are buried under the lies of lobbyists, the influence of campaign cash, and the ubiquitous spin machine financed by Big Business. With fiery passion, pinpoint wit, and lucid analysis, Hostile Takeover reveals the true enemies of reform and their increasingly sophisticated—and hostile—tactics. It’s an essential guidebook for those of us tired of the government selling us out—and determined to take our country back. Also available as an eBook
Written by the first woman director of the Gillette Company, this unique book relates how Gillette successfully fought four hostile takeover attempts, won a proxy battle, and now maintains a profitable position.
Now in an omnibus edition, the Hostile Takeover trilogy introduces a planet where the only laws are those of self-preservation and profit. Bakunin is a world with a law unto itself—the only human-colonized planet that has consistently refused to join the Terran Confederacy or permit any form of organized government to take root. When the TEC, the covert operations and enforcement branch of the Confederacy, decides to do something about Bakunin, Colonel Klaus Dacham is the man they put in charge. His opening target is Dominic Magnus, the head of Godwin Arms and Armament. Though Dom loses the first battle, he, his allies, and his surviving employees carefully plan their own return strike. Until they receive a desperate message from one of their own, revealing what the TEC is really up to on Bakunin. Suddenly, the stakes are far beyond personal revenge. Bakunin is about to become an unwitting pawn in a Confederacy-wide power struggle. And to the mastermind behind the entire plan, it doesn’t really matter whether anyone on the planet is left alive at the end of it—so long as TEC achieves its goal.
Dramatic as the corporate takeovers of recent years have been, it is far from clear what underlying forces are at work, and what their long-term consequences will be. This book represents one of the first sustained efforts to examine the complex issues surrounding the corporate takeover. Based on papers presented at a symposium sponsored by Columbia Law School's Center for Law and Economic Studies, it airs new theories and offers vital insights into events that have become central to American corporate culture.
The international conferences held each year at Fordham University in New York provide the most definitive analysis of US & EEC Antitrust & Trade Law. These annual bound volumes of the proceedings furnish explanations of the myriad of US/EC structures, players & roles that impact on antitrust. The following volumes are available: 1986 United States & Common Market Antitrust Policies 1987 North American & Common Market Antitrust & Trade Law 1991 Practice of Law, Regulation, Ethnics & Liability 1992 EC & US Competition Law & Policy 1993 Antitrust in a Global Economy 1980-1991 Fordham Index of Tables of Cases