Excerpt from How Color of Red Delicious Apples Affects Their Sales Since the fresh market is by far the maj or outlet for Red Delicious, existing price differentials are of major significance and concern to growers. Full coloring of the fruit is also a problem to growers of other major varieties of red apples. Existing pricing practices which place a premium on highly colored fruit may also encourage cultural practices that adversely affect the quality of fruit available to consumers. For example, growers in an effort to obtain better color in their apples and hence higher prices may leave fruit on the tree beyond its optimum maturity. Overmature apples become more susceptible to bruising and are likely to have a shorter shelf life than fruit harvested at proper maturity. Thus bet ter color is gained at the expense of other quality factors, and the over all condition of the fruit when it reaches the consumer may have a bad inﬂuence on purchases and demand. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Recent agri-food studies, including commodity systems, the political economy of agriculture, regional development, and wider examinations of the rural dimension in economic geography and rural sociology have been confronted by three challenges. These can be summarized as: ‘more than human’ approaches to economic life; a ‘post-structural political economy’ of food and agriculture; and calls for more ‘enactive’, performative research approaches. This volume describes the genealogy of such approaches, drawing on the reflective insights of more than five years of international engagement and research. It demonstrates the kinds of new work being generated under these approaches and provides a means for exploring how they should be all understood as part of the same broader need to review theory and methods in the study of food, agriculture, rural development and economic geography. This radical collective approach is elaborated as the Biological Economies approach. The authors break out from traditional categories of analysis, reconceptualising materialities, and reframing economic assemblages as biological economies, based on the notion of all research being enactive or performative.