Released on 2018-06-20Categories Psychology

Intelligence Measurement and School Performance in Latin America

Intelligence Measurement and School Performance in Latin America

Author: Carmen Flores-Mendoza

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319899756

Category: Psychology

Page: 124

View: 218

This book presents the results of the most complete and updated assessment of cognitive resources of students in Latin America: the Study of Latin American Intelligence (SLATINT). During four years, top researchers of the region used a standardized set of cognitive measures to assess 4,000 students aged between 14 and 15 years from six countries: Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, Chile, Colombia and Peru. The data collected and now analyzed in this volume is a first step to understand the human cognitive capital of the region, a crucial resource for any country today. Intelligence research has shown that the cognitive skills of a population are strongly associated with the school performance of its students and the development of a nation. This makes Intelligence Measurement and School Performance in Latin America a valuable tool both for Latin American researchers and authorities engaged in the improvement of each country’s human resources and for psychologists, educators and other social scientists dedicated to the study of the impact of intelligence in the development of nations.
Released on 2022Categories Artificial intelligence

Trends in Artificial Intelligence and Computer Engineering

Trends in Artificial Intelligence and Computer Engineering

Author: Miguel Botto-Tobar

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030961473

Category: Artificial intelligence

Page: 320

View: 528

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Advances in Emerging Trends and Technologies (ICAETT 2021), held in Riobamba, Ecuador, on November 10-12, 2021, proudly organized by Facultad de Informática y Electrónica (FIE) at Escuela Superior Politécnica de Chimborazo and supported by GDEON. ICAETT 2021 brings together top researchers and practitioners working in different domains of computer science to share their expertise and to discuss future developments and potential collaborations. Presenting high-quality, peer-reviewed papers, the book discusses the following topic e-Business e-Learning Intelligent systems Machine vision Security Technology trends .
Released on 2020-06-30Categories Social Science

The Cambridge Handbook of the International Psychology of Women

The Cambridge Handbook of the International Psychology of Women

Author: Fanny M. Cheung

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108602181

Category: Social Science

Page:

View: 161

There is a growing knowledge base in understanding the differences and similarities between women and men, as well as the diversities among women and sexualities. Although genetic and biological characteristics define human beings conventionally as women and men, their experiences are contextualized in multiple dimensions in terms of gender, sexuality, class, age, ethnicity, and other social dimensions. Beyond the biological and genetic basis of gender differences, gender intersects with culture and other social locations which affect the socialization and development of women across their life span. This handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date resource to understand the intersectionality of gender differences, to dispel myths, and to examine gender-relevant as well as culturally relevant implications and appropriate interventions. Featuring a truly international mix of contributors, and incorporating cross-cultural research and comparative perspectives, this handbook will inform mainstream psychology of the international literature on the psychology of women and gender.
Released on 2021-09-11Categories Education

Validity of Educational Assessments in Chile and Latin America

Validity of Educational Assessments in Chile and Latin America

Author: Jorge Manzi

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030783907

Category: Education

Page: 456

View: 995

This edited volume presents a systematic analysis of conceptual, methodological and applied aspects related to the validation of educational tests used in Latin American countries. Inspired by international standards on educational measurement and evaluation, this book illustrates efforts that have been made in several countries to validate different types of educational assessments, including student learning assessments, measurements of non-cognitive aspects in students, teacher evaluations, and tests for certification and selection. It gathers the experience of validity studies from the main international assessments in Latin America (PISA, TIMSS, ERCE, and ICCS). Additionally, it shows the challenges that must be taken into account when evaluations are used to compare countries, groups or trends of achievement over time. The book builds on the premise that measurements in the educational field should not be used if there are no studies that support the validity of the interpretation of their scores, or the use made of such tests. It shows that, despite the recognition given to validity, relatively few educational measurement assessments have accumulated enough evidence to support their interpretation and use. In doing so, this volume increases awareness about the relevance of validity, especially when assessments are key component of educational policies.
Released on 2019-07-23Categories Education

Educational Assessment in Latin America

Educational Assessment in Latin America

Author: Sue Swaffield

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351257145

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 152

This collection presents educational assessment research from Latin America, adding to a relatively small but growing body of research considering educational assessment and evaluation issues in this large region. The predominance of Chile reflects its early highly centralized education system, and the fact that it adopted national testing before other Latin American countries. It was also an early participant in international assessment programmes. Other countries have followed the trend of implementing national testing, and to a lesser extent participating in international surveys. The complementary development of technical expertise in quantitative research methods has enabled extensive analysis of the large data sets generated by these testing and assessment programmes. Taken together, the evidence reported provides a means not only of reviewing educational quality issues in Latin America, but also of facilitating comparisons that allow the context specificity of equivalent research conducted in western developed countries to be considered. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy and Practice.
Released on 2020-05-11Categories

Research on Emotion and Learning: Contributions from Latin America

Research on Emotion and Learning: Contributions from Latin America

Author: Camilo Hurtado-Parrado

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889635320

Category:

Page:

View: 206

Latin America has increased its share of world scientific publications by nearly twofold during the last two decades (approximately from 2 to 4%). Despite this positive trend, the scholarly impact of scientific research produced in the region - measured in terms of citation rate - remains low. Two interrelated factors that contribute to this situation is that most research groups tend to work in isolation or in local sporadic collaboration, and results are often published in journals that are not indexed in major citation databases (e.g., SCOPUS, or Web of Science). Ultimately, part of Latin American high-quality research seems to remain hidden from the rest of the world. Over the last decades, an important number of Latin American scientists have developed fruitful research agendas on questions on learning and emotion, focusing on basic and/or translational research with humans and other animal models, and implementing diverse methodologies. Notwithstanding the important contributions of these research programs, Latin American research on emotion and learning has followed the overall trend of other research fields throughout the region; namely, remaining partially hidden from the large scientific community of the world. This Research Topic aimed to engage researchers from Latin America to share their empirical and conceptual work on learning and emotion. Ultimately, this effort was expected to strengthen and integrate our regional community of experts, enhance global networking, and establish new challenges and developments for future investigation.
Released on 2019-05-27Categories Education

The SAGE Handbook of Comparative Studies in Education

The SAGE Handbook of Comparative Studies in Education

Author: Larry E. Suter

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781526484628

Category: Education

Page: 682

View: 172

Educational practices have rapidly changed in the last few decades, especially in how exchanges of information and learning are delivered and processed. Yet, while the field of international comparative studies has grown, there has not been an extensive study on the relationship between educational practices, students, and how practitioners are prepared and trained. This handbook explores international educational practices and behaviours through new research and a review of existing research, with chapters spread across six parts: Part I: The Status of Comparative Education Research Part II: Measurement Methods in Comparative Education Research Part III: Research Practices in Comparative Studies of Education Part IV: Lessons from International Comparisons of Student Behaviors Part V: International Comparisons of Instruction Part VI: Influence of Large-Scale Assessments on Policy
Released on 2007-01-23Categories Education

The Strange Career of Bilingual Education in Texas, 1836-1981

The Strange Career of Bilingual Education in Texas, 1836-1981

Author: Carlos Kevin Blanton

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 1585446025

Category: Education

Page: 216

View: 707

Despite controversies over current educational practices, Texas boasts a rich and vibrant bilingual tradition—and not just for Spanish-English instruction, but for Czech, German, Polish, and Dutch as well. Throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, Texas educational policymakers embraced, ignored, rejected, outlawed, then once again embraced this tradition. In The Strange Career of Bilingual Education in Texas, author Carlos Blanton traces the educational policies and their underlying rationales, from Stephen F. Austin’s proposal in the 1830s to “Mexicanize” Anglo children by teaching them Spanish along with English and French, through the 1981 passage of the most encompassing bilingual education law in the state’s history. Blanton draws on primary materials, such as the handwritten records of county administrators and the minutes of state education meetings, and presents the Texas experience in light of national trends and movements, such as Progressive Education, the Americanization Movement, and the Good Neighbor Movement. By tracing the many changes that eventually led to the re-establishment of bilingual education in its modern form in the 1960s and the 1981 passage of a landmark state law, Blanton reconnects Texas with its bilingual past.
Released on 2020-10-29Categories Psychology

In the Know

In the Know

Author: Russell T. Warne

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108493345

Category: Psychology

Page: 434

View: 475

Out with the myths and in with the truth. Learn what intelligence really means from a qualified expert.
Released on 2012-12-28Categories Social Science

Paradoxes of Cultural Recognition

Paradoxes of Cultural Recognition

Author: Sharam Alghasi

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409491637

Category: Social Science

Page: 319

View: 285

Explicitly comparative in its approach, Paradoxes of Cultural Recognition discusses central issues regarding multiculturalism in today's Europe, based on studies of Norway and the Netherlands. Distinguishing clearly the four social fields of the media, education, the labour market and issues relating to gender, it presents empirical case studies, which offer valuable insights into the nature of majority/minority relationships, whilst raising theoretical questions relevant for further comparisons. With clear comparisons of integration and immigration policies in Europe and engagement with the questions surrounding the need for more culturally sensitive policies, this volume will be of interest to scholars and policy-makers alike.