Released on 1990-07-27Categories Psychology

Metaphors of Mind

Metaphors of Mind

Author: Robert J. Sternberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521386330

Category: Psychology

Page: 366

View: 244

Metaphors of Mind seeks to help readers understand human intelligence as viewed from a variety of standpoints, such as those of psychology, anthropology, computational science, sociology, and philosophy. Much of the present confusion surrounding the concept of intelligence stems from our having looked at it from these different standpoints without considering how they relate to each other or how they might be combined into a unified view that goes beyond the boundaries of a particular discipline. Readers of Metaphors of Mind will come away with a comprehensive understanding of the concept of intelligence and how ideas about it have evolved and are continuing to evolve.
Released on 2021-10-21Categories Literary Criticism

Metaphors of Mind in Fiction and Psychology

Metaphors of Mind in Fiction and Psychology

Author: Michael S. Kearns

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 9780813186276

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 272

View: 172

Curiosity about the human mind—what it is and how it functions—began long before modern psychology. But because the mind and its processes are so elusive, they could be described only by means of metaphor. Michael Kearns, in this prize-winning study, examines the development of metaphors of the mind in psychological writings from Hobbes through William James and in fiction from Defoe through Henry James. Throughout the eighteenth century and even into the early nineteenth, metaphors of the mind as a relatively simple entity, either mechanical or biological, dominated both those engaged in psychological theorizing and novelists ranging from Richardson and Smollett through Dickens and the Brontes. In the nineteenth century, such psychologists as Herbert Spencer and Alexander Bain conceived of the mind as a complex organism quite different from that embodied in earlier thinking, but their figurative language did not keep pace. The result was a tension between theoretical expression and actual discussion of mental phenomena
Released on 2015-07Categories Literary Criticism

Metaphors of Mind

Metaphors of Mind

Author: Brad Pasanek

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421416885

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 391

View: 881

Brad Pasanek's unusual work is the written report of a massive digital humanities project that involved searching 18th-century texts for the many ways writers use metaphors to characterize the mind. The book takes a selection of broad metaphorical categories that the author discovered in his digital research - including animals, coinage, metal, rooms, and writing - and examines particular examples within each category. Pasanek also frames the "dictionary" elements of the project with a more theoretical discussion of what he calls "desultory reading," a form of "unsystematic perusal" of writing exemplified in the way we approach dictionaries. Pasanek not only argues that 18th-century thinkers largely employed desultory reading, but also that his work on this very project is itself an instance of this approach. The project succeeds twofold: in treating 18th-century writing as its topic and in exemplifying its approach. Pasanek maintains an accompanying website (https://metaphorized.com) that collects the results of his digital searches.
Released on 2013-03-09Categories Philosophy

Metaphors: Figures of the Mind

Metaphors: Figures of the Mind

Author: Z. Radman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401722544

Category: Philosophy

Page: 188

View: 216

This book deals with various aspects of metaphorics and yet it is not only, or perhaps not even primarily, about metaphor itself. Rather it is concerned with the argument from metaphor. In other words, it is about what I think we can learn from metaphor and the possible consequences of this lesson for a more adequate understanding, for instance, of our mental processes, the possibilities and limitations of our reasoning, the strictures of propositionality, the cognitive effect of fictional projections and so on. In this sense it is not, strictly speaking, a contribution to metaphorology; instead, it is an attempt to define the place of metaphor in the world of overall human intellectual activity, exemplary thematized here in the span that ranges from problems relating to the articulation of meanings up to general issues of creativity. Most of the aspects discussed, therefore, are examined not so much for the sake of gaining some new knowledge about metaphor (work conducted in the »science of metaphor« is presently so huge that an extra attempt to spell out another theory of metaphor may have an infiatory effect); the basic strategy of this book is to view metaphor within the complex of language usage and language competence, in human thought and action, and, finally, to see in what philosophically relevant way it improves our knowledge of ourselves. Certainly, by adopting this basic strategy we also simultaneously increase our knowledge of metaphors, of their functions and importance.
Released on 2019-08-15Categories Language Arts & Disciplines

Metaphors in the Mind

Metaphors in the Mind

Author: Jeannette Littlemore

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108416566

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 293

View: 593

Explores the physical, psychological and social factors that shape the way in which people engage with embodied metaphor, including, for example, the shape of one's body, age, gender, physical or linguistic impairments, ideology and religious beliefs. It will appeal to students and researchers in cognitive linguistics and cognitive psychology.
Released on 2003-12-16Categories Language Arts & Disciplines

Mind, Metaphor and Language Teaching

Mind, Metaphor and Language Teaching

Author: R. Holme

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230503007

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 242

View: 995

Understanding metaphor raises key questions about the relationship between language and meaning, and between language and mind. This book explores how this understanding can impact upon the theory and practice of language teaching. After summarising the cognitive basis of metaphor and other figures of speech, it looks at how this knowledge can inform classroom practice. Finally, it sets out how we can use these insights to re-appraise language learning theory in a way that treats it as consonant with the cognitive nature of language.
Released on 2000Categories Education

Metaphors in Mind

Metaphors in Mind

Author: James Lawley

Publisher: Crown House Pub Limited

ISBN: 0953875105

Category: Education

Page: 317

View: 141

Describing how to give individuals an opportunity to discover how their symbolic perceptions are organized, what needs to happen for these to change, and how they can develop as a result, this text includes three client transcripts.
Released on 1992-01-01Categories Psychology

Metaphors of Interrelatedness

Metaphors of Interrelatedness

Author: Linda E. Olds

Publisher: State University of New York Press

ISBN: 9781438414980

Category: Psychology

Page: 248

View: 889

Olds examines the role of metaphor and models in psychology, science, and religion and argues the case for systems theory as a contemporary unifying metaphor across domains, with particular emphasis on clarifying its potential for psychology.
Released on 2000-12-07Categories History

Metaphors of Memory

Metaphors of Memory

Author: Douwe Draaisma

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521650240

Category: History

Page: 268

View: 110

First published in 2000, this book explores the metaphors used by philosophers and psychologists to understand memory over the centuries.
Released on 2012-12-06Categories Psychology

Metaphors of Conciousness

Metaphors of Conciousness

Author: Ronald S. Valle

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461338024

Category: Psychology

Page: 544

View: 789

As we move into the 1980s, there is an increasing awareness that our civilization is going through a profound cultural transformation. At the heart of this transformation lies what is often called a "paradigm shift"-a dramatic change in the thoughts, perceptions, and values which form a particular vision of reality. The paradigm that is now shifting comprises a large number of ideas and values that have dominated our society for several hundred years; values that have been associated with various streams of Western culture, among them the Scientific Revolution of the seventeenth century, The Enlightenment, and the Industrial Revolution. They include the belief in the scientific method as the only valid approach to knowledge, the split between mind and matter, the view of nature as a mechanical system, the view of life in society as a competitive struggle for survival, and the belief in unlimited material progress to be achieved through economic and technological growth. All these ideas and values are now found to be severely limited and in need of radical revision.
Released on 1994Categories Literary Collections

Mary Wollstonecraft and the Language of Sensibility

Mary Wollstonecraft and the Language of Sensibility

Author: Syndy M. Conger

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015032227269

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 214

View: 105

Wollstonecraft's public attitudes toward sensibility underwent the familiar shifts of a discipline during her lifetime: naive acceptance, critical rejection, mature return. In her youth she demonstrated a willingness to believe many of its myths, and she used its metaphors and discourses without much self-consciousness. The ethical discourse of sensibility dominated her early fictions. Midcareer Wollstonecraft turned a new critical, self-consciously feminist eye on sensibility. She then deployed the medical discourse of sensibility against the notion itself by insisting that the cultivation of sensibility created women who might be attractive to men but who were intellectual, psychological, and physical cripples. The last active years before her death marked a measured return to the creed of sensibility; she rehabilitated it in a form compatible to her own mature political beliefs. Yet Wollstonecraft's public documents reveal only half of the truth about her romance with the language of sensibility. They rightly suggest that it was tempestuous; they wrongly suggest that it was an on-again, off-again affair, an impression given by her flamboyant renunciation of sensibility in the Rights of Woman. In private correspondence Wollstonecraft never strayed too far from her lexicon of sensibility, presumably because she found no alternative way to describe herself and others. For twenty years her private vocabulary of self-assessment remained steadily affective, curiously repetitive, even oracular. This was not a discourse of analysis but of cultic participation; even when she did, very seldom, find fault with sensibility, it was from inside the belief system and was generally directed at an abuser of that system.