The VA National Formulary generated controversy, which motivated congressional scrutiny and a directive to the VA to commission this report reviewing the experience with the National Formulary and formulary system. This Institute of Medicine committee was pleased to assist the Congress with this review, in part because the committee saw in the VHA example an opportunity to understand and anticipate problems that all publicly funded programs are likely to encounter in this new age of pharmaceuticals. The Congress asked the committee to review the restrictiveness of the National Formulary, its impact on the costs and quality of care in the VHA, and how it compared to formularies and drug management practices in the private sector and in other public programs, especially Medicaid. Detailed in the pages that follow, the committee's findings and conclusions on these questions are, the committee believes, highly instructive, though not always in the ways that we anticipated.
All registered nurses must have a thorough understanding and a strong knowledge of pharmacology, medicines administration, and the ability to recognise and react to the effects of medicines. Fundamentals of Pharmacology helps nursing and healthcare students develop the skills and confidence required to apply the fundamental principles of pharmacology and to offer safe, competent and compassionate care. Concentrating on the medicines that students are most likely to encounter in real-world practice, this textbook provides concise coverage of pharmacology, essential medicines management principles, legal and ethical issues, drug formulations, analgesics, immunisations, and much more. Clinically focused chapters feature defined learning outcomes, multiple-choice questions, practical examples, and full-colour illustrations to aid readers’ comprehension of the complexities of pharmacology and care provision. The book utilises a straightforward, student-friendly approach to present ‘must-have’ information, with contributions from experienced clinicians and academics. Describes how to use pharmaceutical and prescribing reference guides Stresses the role and importance of compassionate care throughout Contains a full range of pedagogical tools which enhance learning and recall Aligns with current NMC Standards and Proficiencies for Registered Nurses and Nursing Associates Supplemented and supported by a wealth of online extras and resources Fundamentals of Pharmacology is essential reading for all nursing students, trainee nursing associates, post-registration nurses taking ‘nurse prescribing’ or ‘non-medical prescribing’ modules, and newly qualified nurses and nursing associates looking to better understand pharmacology.
Introduction to Pharmaceutics and its Scope - Development of a New Drug - Introduction to Dosage Forms of Drugs - History and Development of Profession of Pharmacy - Introduction to Pre-formulation - Biopharmaceutics - Good Manufacturing Practices - Introduction to Pre-formulation - Biopharmaceutics - Good Manufacturing Practices - Introduction to Alternative Systems of Medicines - Drug Delivery Systems - Biological Products - Packaging of Pharmaceuticals - Bibliography - Index