This book is divided into five sections. The first section deals with the methodology and bioresource generation, techniques related to genetic engineering, and gene transfer to the nuclear genome and chloroplast genome. The new techniques of genome profiling and gene silencing are also presented. The second section of the book covers the classical aspect of plant biotechnology viz. tissue culture and micropropagation. Use of genetic engineering via Agrobacterium and direct transfer of DNA through particle bombardment to develop transformed plants in Artemisia, castor and orchids, and production of recombinant proteins in plant cells have been dealt with in the third section. The fourth section addresses the abiotic and biotic stress tolerance in plants. The basic biology of some of the stress responses, and designing plants for stress tolerance is discussed in this section. The fifth section examines medicinal plants and alkaloid production.
Plant polyphenols are secondary metabolites that constitute one of the most common and widespread groups of natural products. They express a large and diverse panel of biological activities including beneficial effects on both plants and humans. Many polyphenols, from their structurally simplest representatives to their oligo/polymeric versions (also referred to as vegetable tannins) are notably known as phytoestrogens, plant pigments, potent antioxidants, and protein interacting agents. Sponsored by Groupe Polyphénols, this publication, which is the third volume in this highly regarded Recent Advances in Polyphenol Research series, is edited by Véronique Cheynier, Pascale Sarni-Manchado, and Stéphane Quideau (the current President of Groupe Polyphénols). Like their predecessors, they have once again put together an impressive collection of cutting-edge chapters written by expert scientists internationally respected in their respective field of polyphenol sciences. This Volume 3 provides the latest information and opinion on the following major research topics about polyphenols: Organic chemistry and physical chemistry Biosynthesis, genetics and metabolic engineering The role of polyphenols in plants and ecosystems Health and nutrition Analysis and metabolomics Chemists, biochemists, plant scientists, pharmacognosists and pharmacologists, biologists, ecologists, food scientists and nutritionists will all find this book an invaluable resource. Libraries in all universities and research institutions where these disciplines are studied and taught should have copies on their bookshelves.
Since ancient times, plants have been used as a prime natural source of alternative medicines and have played an important role in our lives. The old tradition of medicinal plant application has turned into a highly profitable business in the global market, resulting in the release of a large number of herbal products. People have tried to find different sources of medicines to alleviate pain and cure different illnesses. Due to severe constraints of synthetic drugs and the increasing contraindications of their usage, there is a growing interest world over in the usage of natural products based on medicinal herbs, hence, there is an ever expanding market of herbs and herbal based medicinal preparations all over the world. This has culminated into an exponential increase in number of research groups in different geographical locations and generation of volume of research data in the field in a short span of time. The path breaking advancement in research methods and interdisciplinary approaches is giving birth to newer perspectives. Therefore, it becomes imperative to keep pace with the advancement in research and development in the field of medicinal herbs. There are a large number of researchers in different parts of the world working on various aspects of medicinal plants and ‘herbal medicines’. The idea is to bring their recent research work into light in the form of a book. The proposed book contains chapters by the eminent researchers in different countries and working with different disciplines of medicinal plants. Articles pertain to different disciplines such as: 1. Resources and conservation of medicinal plants 2. Biosynthesis and metabolic engineering of medicinal plants 3. Tissue culture, propagation and bioreactor technology of medicinal plants 4. Phytochemical research on medicinal plants 5. Herbal medicines and plant-derived agents in cancer prevention and therapy 6. Herbal medicines and plant-derived agents in metabolic syndrome management 7. Herbal medicines and plant-derived agents in modulation of immune-related disorders 8. Herbal medicines and hepatotoxicity The book will prove itself an asset for the researchers, professionals and also students in the area of medicinal plants and mechanism of their action.
New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Recent Advances in Application of Fungi and Fungal Metabolites: Biotechnological Interventions and Futuristic Approaches is an invaluable resource for researchers planning to work in applied biotechnological interventions and futuristic approaches to fungi and fungal metabolite utilization. Special emphasis is placed on new research relating to fungal-based recombinant DNA technology and genomics analysis which place yeasts and filamentous fungi at the forefront of various contemporary commercial applications. Written in an easy-to-follow language by active researchers, the book presents cutting-edge fungal biotechnological applications in a manner that is accessible to all. Introduces recent biotechnological interventions and futuristic approaches to fungi and their metabolites Elaborates on perspectives and diverse applications of harnessing the potential of fungi and fungal metabolites in biotechnology Describes traditional uses and modern practices of accessing the potential of fungi and their metabolites in solving future needs
Plant polyphenols are specialized metabolites that constitute one of the most common and widespread groups of natural products. They are essential plant components for adaptation to the environment and possess a large and diverse range of biological functions that provide many benefits to both plants and humans. Polyphenols, from their structurally simplest forms to their oligo/polymeric versions (i.e. tannins and lignins), are phytoestrogens, plant pigments, antioxidants, and structural components of the plant cell wall. The interactions between tannins and proteins are involved in plant defense against predation, cause astringency in foods and beverages, and affect the nutritional and health properties of human and animal food plants. This eighth volume of the highly regarded Recent Advances in Polyphenol Research series is edited by Juha-Pekka Salminen, Kristiina Wähälä, Victor de Freitas, and Stéphane Quideau, and brings together chapters written by some of the leading experts working in the polyphenol sciences today. Topics covered include: Structure, reactivity and synthesis Bioactivity and bioavailability Metabolomics, targeted analysis and big data Quality control & standardization Biogenesis and functions in plants and ecosystems Biomaterials & applied sciences Distilling the most recent and illuminating data available, this new volume is an invaluable resource for chemists, biochemists, plant scientists, pharmacognosists and pharmacologists, biologists, ecologists, food scientists and nutritionists.
Introduction: botany and importance. Taxonomy and systematics. Important mango cultivars and their descriptors. Breeding and genetics. Reproductive physiology. Ecophysiology. Fruit diseases. Foliar, floral and soilborne diseases. Physiological disorders. Pests. Crop production: propagation. Crop production: mineral nutrition. Crop production management. Postharvest physiology. Postharvest technology and quarantine treatments. World mango trade and the economics of mango production. Fruit processing. Biotechnology.
Originally published by Bentham and now distributed by Elsevier, Recent Advances in Medicinal Chemistry, Volume 1 covers leading-edge research and recent developments in rational drug design, synthetic chemistry, bioorganic chemistry, high-throughput screening, combinatorial chemistry, drug targets, and natural product research and structure-activity relationship studies. The fourteen updated reviews include unique experimental data and references, and each article highlights an important topic in current medicinal chemistry research. Topics covered include: aureolic acid group of anti-cancer antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; aromatase inhibitors in adjuvant endocrine treatment of early-stage breast cancer in postmenopausal women; Rho GTPases and statins in targeting and developing therapies for tumors; and more. Edited and written by leading experts in medicinal chemistry research Reviews recent advances in the field, including the characterization of inorganic nanomaterials as therapeutic vehicles Covers a variety of topical areas, such as HPLC and in the analysis of tricyclic antidepressants in biological samples, and tannins and their influence on health
This book represents the first comprehensive compilation of deliberations on botany; genetic resources; genetic diversity analysis; classical genetics & traditional breeding; in vitro culture & genetic transformation; detailed information on molecular maps & mapping of economic genes and QTLs; whole genome sequencing of the nuclear genome and sequencing of chloroplast genome; and elucidation of functional genomics. It also addresses alternate flowering, a unique problem in mango, and discusses currently available genomic resources and databases. Gathering contributions by globally reputed experts, the book will benefit the students, teachers, and scientists in academia and at private companies interested in horticulture, genetics, breeding, pathology, entomology, physiology, molecular genetics and breeding, in vitro culture & genetic engineering, and structural and functional genomics.
This book covers the biotechnology of all the major fruit and nut species. Since the very successful first edition of this book in 2004, there has been rapid progress for many fruit and nut species in cell culture, genomics and genetic transformation, especially for citrus and papaya. This book covers both these cutting-edge technologies and regeneration pathways, protoplast culture, in vitro mutagenesis, ploidy manipulation techniques that have been applied to a wider range of species. Three crop species, Diospyros kaki (persimmon), Punica granatum (pomegranate) and Eriobotrya japonica (loquat) are included for the first time. The chapters are organized by plant family to make it easier to make comparisons and exploitation of work with related species. Each chapter discusses the plant family and the related wild species for 38 crop species, and has colour illustrations. It is essential for scientists and post graduate students who are engaged in the improvement of fruit, nut and plantation crops.
Plant breeding has undergone a period of very rapid and significant development in recent years and the area of fruit breeding is no exception. This book provides a balanced, up-to-date and comprehensive account of the developments in the field of breeding tropical and subtropical fruits. It offers not only the theoretical and applied aspects of breedings fruits but also provides an authoritative manual of the conventional and new techniques used for increasing efficiency of crop improvement programmes. In specific chapters the book deals with crop taxonomy, genetic resources, floral biology, breeding objectives, inheritance patterns and information on new improved cultivars/hybrids.
The book contains articles covering a wide range of subjects of environmental science. The terrestrial section has articles on air pollution, solid waste ground water regime, western ghats, eastern ghats, mining, medicinal, plants, ethnobotany, role of pesticides, agriculture, microbial sensors, wetlands and ornithological studies. The marine environmental aspect such as mangroves, application of remote sensing, harmful algal blooms, bio-remediation, sustainable management of molluscan resources, benthic fauna, deep seabed mining and bio-fouling have been dealt in the marine environment section.
Polyphenols are the second most abundant class of substances in nature, and include tannins and flavonoids, many of which have extremely important antioxidant properties which have now been shown to have a key role in the prevention of cancer in humans. This important book covers polyphenol chemistry, biosynthesis and genetic manipulation, ecology and plant physiology, food and nutritional aspects and the effects of polyphenols on health. Included within the contents are cutting edge chapters on biotic and abiotic stress in plants, safety and toxicity in foods, functionality and nutraceutical benefits in nutrition, and aspects of pharmaceutical and cosmetic discovery and development. Sponsored by Groupe Polyphenols, this landmark book has been edited by Professor Fouad Daayf and Professor Vincenzo Lattanzio, who have drawn together an impressive list of internationally respected contributing authors, each providing a comprehensive review of the current situation regarding each important subject covered. Recent Advances in Polyphenol Research is an important publication which will be of great use to chemists, biochemists, plant scientists, pharmacognosists and pharmacologists, food scientists and nutritionists. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where these subjects are studied and taught should have copies of this book on their shelves.