Released on 2020-11-19Categories Philosophy

The Cambridge Companion to Common-Sense Philosophy

The Cambridge Companion to Common-Sense Philosophy

Author: Rik Peels

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108682114

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 822

Common-sense philosophy is important because it maintains that we can know many things about the world, about ourselves, about morality, and even about things of a metaphysical nature. The tenets of common-sense philosophy, while in some sense obvious and unsurprising, give rise to powerful arguments that can shed light on fundamental philosophical issues, including the perennial problem of scepticism and the emerging challenge of scientism. This Companion offers an exploration of common-sense philosophy in its many forms, tracing its development as a concept and considering the roles it has been assigned to play throughout the history of philosophy. Containing fifteen newly commissioned chapters from leading experts in the history of philosophy, epistemology, the philosophy of science, moral philosophy and metaphysics, the volume will be an essential guide for students and scholars hoping to gain a greater understanding of the value and enduring appeal of common-sense philosophy.
Released on 2020-05-27Categories Philosophy

Scientific Challenges to Common Sense Philosophy

Scientific Challenges to Common Sense Philosophy

Author: Rik Peels

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351064200

Category: Philosophy

Page: 230

View: 261

Common sense philosophy holds that widely and deeply held beliefs are justified in the absence of defeaters. While this tradition has always had its philosophical detractors who have defended various forms of skepticism or have sought to develop rival epistemological views, recent advances in several scientific disciplines claim to have debunked the reliability of the faculties that produce our common sense beliefs. At the same time, however, it seems reasonable that we cannot do without common sense beliefs entirely. Arguably, science and the scientific method are built on, and continue to depend on, common sense. This collection of essays debates the tenability of common sense in the face of recent challenges from the empirical sciences. It explores to what extent scientific considerations—rather than philosophical considerations—put pressure on common sense philosophy. The book is structured in a way that promotes dialogue between philosophers and scientists. Noah Lemos, one of the most influential contemporary advocates of the common sense tradition, begins with an overview of the nature and scope of common sense beliefs, and examines philosophical objections to common sense and its relationship to scientific beliefs. Then, the volume features essays by scientists and philosophers of science who discuss various proposed conflicts between commonsensical and scientific beliefs: the reality of space and time, about the nature of human beings, about free will and identity, about rationality, about morality, and about religious belief. Notable philosophers who embrace the common sense tradition respond to these essays to explore the connection between common sense philosophy and contemporary debates in evolutionary biology, neuroscience, physics, and psychology.
Released on 2018-04-20Categories Philosophy

Common Sense in the Scottish Enlightenment

Common Sense in the Scottish Enlightenment

Author: C. B. Bow

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191086489

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 666

Common sense philosophy was one of eighteenth-century Scotland's most original intellectual products. It developed as a viable alternative to modern philosophical scepticism, known as the 'Ideal Theory' or 'the way of ideas'. The nine specially written essays in this volume explore the philosophical and historical significance of common sense philosophy in the Scottish Enlightenment. Thomas Reid and David Hume feature prominently as influential authors of competing ideas in the history and philosophy of common sense. The contributors recover anticipations of Reid's version of common sense in seventeenth-century Scottish scholasticism; revaluate Reid's position in the realism versus sentimentalism dichotomy; shed new light on the nature of the 'constitution' in the anatomy of the mind; identify changes in the nature of sense perception throughout Reid's published and unpublished works; examine Reid on the non-theist implications of Hume's philosophy; show how 'polite' literature shaped James Beattie's version of common sense; reveal Hume's response to common sense philosophers; explore English criticisms of the Scottish 'school', and how Dugald Stewart's refashioning of common sense responded to a new age and the British reception of German Idealism. In recovering the ways in which Scottish common sense philosophy developed during the long eighteenth century, this volume takes an important step toward a more complete understanding of 'the Scottish philosophy' and British philosophy more broadly in the age of Enlightenment.
Released on 2004-01-26Categories Philosophy

The Cambridge Companion to Thomas Reid

The Cambridge Companion to Thomas Reid

Author: Terence Cuneo

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139826754

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 988

Widely acknowledged as the principal architect of Scottish common sense philosophy, Thomas Reid is increasingly recognized today as one of the finest philosophers of the eighteenth century. Combining a sophisticated response to the skeptical and idealist views of his day, Reid's thought stands as an important alternative to Humean skepticism, Kantian idealism and Cartesian rationalism. This volume is the first comprehensive overview of Reid's output and covers not only his philosophy in detail, but also his scientific work and his extensive historical influence.
Released on 2006Categories Electronic reference sources

The Cambridge History of Eighteenth-century Philosophy

The Cambridge History of Eighteenth-century Philosophy

Author: Knud Haakonssen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521867436

Category: Electronic reference sources

Page: 790

View: 227

This two-volume set presents a comprehensive and up-to-date history of eighteenth-century philosophy. The subject is treated systematically by topic, not by individual thinker, school, or movement, thus enabling a much more historically nuanced picture of the period to be painted.
Released on 1995-05-26Categories Philosophy

The Cambridge Companion to Husserl

The Cambridge Companion to Husserl

Author: Former Associate Professor in the Faculty of Music Barry Smith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521436168

Category: Philosophy

Page: 532

View: 850

Exploring the full range of Husserl's work, these essays reveal just how systematic his philosophy is. An underlying theme is resistance to the idea, current in much intellectual history, of a radical break between "modern" and "postmodern" philosophy, with Husserl as the last of the great Cartesians.
Released on 2003-04-10Categories History

The Cambridge Companion to the Scottish Enlightenment

The Cambridge Companion to the Scottish Enlightenment

Author: Alexander Broadie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521003237

Category: History

Page: 386

View: 852

The Cambridge Companion to the Scottish Enlightenment offers a philosophical perspective on an eighteenth-century movement that has been profoundly influential on western culture. A distinguished team of contributors examines the writings of David Hume, Adam Smith, Thomas Reid, Adam Ferguson, Colin Maclaurin and other Scottish thinkers, in fields including philosophy, natural theology, economics, anthropology, natural science and law. In addition, the contributors relate the Scottish Enlightenment to its historical context and assess its impact and legacy in Europe, America and beyond. The result is a comprehensive and accessible volume that illuminates the richness, the intellectual variety and the underlying unity of this important movement. It will be of interest to a wide range of readers in philosophy, theology, literature and the history of ideas.