The outbreak of the Spanish Civil War threw Irish politics, north and south of the border, into turmoil. Ireland sent large organised bodies of men to fight on opposite sides in the Spanish Civil War, essentially enemy crusades.
The Great War in Irish Poetry explores the impact of the First World War on the work of W. B. Yeats, Robert Graves, and Louis MacNeice in the period 1914-45, and on three contemporary Northern Irish poets, Derek Mahon, Seamus Heaney, and Michael Longley. Its concern is to place their work, and memory of the Great War, in the context of Irish culture and politics in the twentieth century. The historical background to Irish involvement in the Great War is explained, as are the ways in which some of the events of 1912-1920--the Home Rule crisis, the loss of the Titanic, the Battle of the Somme, the Easter Rising--still reverberate in the politics of remembrance in Northern Ireland. While the Great War is perceived as central to English culture, and its literature holds a privileged position in the English literary canon, the centrality of the Great War to Irish writing has seldom been acknowledged. This book is concerned with the extent to which recognition of the importance of the Great War in Irish writing has become a casualty of competing versions of the literary canon. It shows that, despite complications in Irish domestic politics which led to the repression of "official memory" of the Great War in Ireland, Irish poets, particularly those writing in the "troubled" Northern Ireland of the last thirty years, have been drawn throughout the century to the events and images of 1914-18.
An Atlas of Irish History provides coverage of the main political, military, economic, religious and social changes that have occurred in Ireland and among the Irish abroad over the past two millennia.
This work deals with the personalities involved on both sides of the Irish War of Independence and Civil War, listing not only the main activists but many other combatants who played supporting but equally important roles in the conflict. The work draws on both public and private sources, including archives, records and journals of the Royal Irish Constabulary, Dublin Metropolitan Police, Royal Ulster Constabulary, Irish Defence Forces and the British Army. The book refers to interviews conducted by the author with celebrated people who took prominent parts on the national scene as well as minor participants in long-forgotten incidents. The former include Sean MacBride, Pedar O'Donnell, Todd Andrews, General Michael Brennan, Lt Gen M.J. Costello, Colonel Dan Bryan, Sheila Humphreys, Maire Comerford, Liam O'Flaherty, Sean Dowling and close relatives of Sean MacEoin and Ernie O'Malley, whose biographies the author has also written.
From 1800 to 1922 the Irish Question was the most emotional and divisive issue in British politics. It pitted Westminster politicians, anti-Catholic British public opinion, and Irish Protestant and Presbyterian champions of the Union against the determination of Ireland's large Catholic majority to obtain civil rights, economic justice, and cultural and political independence. In this completely revised and updated edition of The Irish Question, Lawrence J. McCaffrey extends his classic analysis of Irish nationalism to the present day. He makes clear the tortured history of British-Irish relations and offers insight into the difficulties now facing those who hope to create a permanent peace in Northern Ireland.
Michael Hopkinson’s Green Against Green is the definitive study of the Irish civil war, putting in perspective a bitter and passionate conflict, the legacy of which still divides Irish society today. Widely praised and frequently cited as the most authoritative work on the subject, it continues to hold its place as one of the finest works on modern Irish history. Unlike the Easter Rising and the War of Independence, the Irish Civil War has been largely overlooked by historians, put off by the messy divisions between former War of Independence allies and its continued importance in modern Irish society: even now, the rival parties in the conflict form the basis for two of the largest political parties in Ireland. In Green Against Green, Michael Hopkinson addresses this gap in Irish historical writing, looking closely at the reasons for the outbreak of civil war, the major figures who directed it, how it was fought and its impact across Ireland. This major achievement of historical scholarship traces the history and course of the war from 1912 to its conclusion, starting with a sketch of the background to the divisions which surfaced during the war and continuing through to the functioning of the post-civil war Irish State. This groundbreaking work, ‘a dispassionate account of the most passionate times’ (Irish Times), captures the confused loyalties and localised, often personal, violence that characterised one of the most critical, and least studied, formative events in modern Irish history. Green Against Green: Table of Contents Preface PART I. 1912-1921 The Background to the Treaty Divisions, 1912-1918 The Anglo-Irish War, January 1919-July 1921, and the Truce Period The Treaty Negotiations The Treaty Split The Irish Question in the United States PART II. FROM THE TREATY TO THE ATTACK ON THE FOUR COURTS The Political and Constitutional Background in Early 1922 The Military Split De Valera and the Military and Political Developments Military Developments after the Army Convention The North, from Treaty to Attack on the Four Courts Social and Governmental Problems The Search for Unity The Constitution The June Election and the Assassination of Sir Henry Wilson PART III. THE OPENING OF THE WAR The Attack on the Four Courts Dublin Fighting PART IV. THE EARLY CIVIL WAR The Military and Political Background to the Fighting The War in the Localities: July-August 1922 The Opening of the Guerrilla Phase of the War The Death of Collins The Establishment of the Third Dáil Peace Initiatives The Formation of the Republican Government The First Executions The British Government and the Early Civil War The Southern Unionists and the Civil War The Civil War and the Railways The War in the Localities: September 1922-January 1923 PART V. THE WAR’S END The Free State—Government and Army: January-April 1923 The Republicans and the Civil War: January-April 1923 The War in the Localities: January-April 1923 The North and the Civil War Exile Nationalism: The United States and Britain in the Civil War The Ceasefire PART VI. THE POST-WAR PERIOD The Republicans The Post-War Free State Government and Army The Republican Hunger-Strike, October-November 1923 Conclusion
How the Irish Revolution was shaped by international actors and events The Irish War of Independence is often understood as the culmination of centuries of political unrest between Ireland and the English. However, the conflict also has a vitally important yet vastly understudied international dimension. The Irish Revolution: A Global History reassesses the conflict as an inherently transnational event, examining how circumstances and individuals abroad shaped the course Ireland’s struggle for independence. Bringing together leading international scholars of modern Ireland, its diaspora, and the British Empire, this volume discusses the Irish revolution in a truly global sense. The text situates the conflict in the wider context of the international flourishing of anti-colonial movements following World War I. Despite the differences between these movements, their proponents communicated extensively with each other, learning from and engaging with other revolutionaries in anti-imperial metropoles such as Paris, London, and New York. The contributors to this volume argue that Irish nationalists at home and abroad were intimately involved in this exchange, from mobilizing Ireland’s vast diaspora in support of Irish independence to engaging directly with radical causes elsewhere. The Irish Revolution is a vital work for all those interested in Irish history, providing a new understanding of Ireland’s place in the evolving postwar world.