Released on 2005Categories Nature

Model Plan for a Pacific Island Country

Model Plan for a Pacific Island Country

Author: Colin Brown

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 925105374X

Category: Nature

Page: 60

View: 146

Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing is increasing in world fisheries and is proving to be a major obstacle in the achievement of long term sustainability and enhanced responsibility in fisheries. The model national plan of action to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing outlined in this document seeks to facilitate the wider implementation of the 2001 FAO International Plan of Action to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (IPOA-IUU) in the Pacific Islands region. Action towards this end is consistent with the large number of calls that have been made in international fora for states, industry and other stakeholders to take steps to implement the IPOA-IUU.
Released on 2008-12-01Categories Business & Economics

A Small Quarterly Multi-Country Projection Model with Financial-Real Linkages and Oil Prices

A Small Quarterly Multi-Country Projection Model with Financial-Real Linkages and Oil Prices

Author: Mr.Ondrej Kamenik

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 9781451871388

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 76

View: 871

This is the third of a series of papers that are being written as part of a larger project to estimate a small quarterly Global Projection Model (GPM). The GPM project is designed to improve the toolkit for studying both own-country and cross-country linkages. In this paper, we estimate a small quarterly projection model of the US, Euro Area, and Japanese economies that incorporates oil prices and allows us to trace out the effects of shocks to oil prices. The model is estimated with Bayesian techniques. We show how the model can be used to construct efficient baseline forecasts that incorporate judgment imposed on the near-term outlook.
Released on 1991-12-01Categories Business & Economics

Effects of Long-Run Demographic Changes in a Multi-Country Model

Effects of Long-Run Demographic Changes in a Multi-Country Model

Author: Mr.Paul R. Masson

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 9781451854534

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 34

View: 876

The macroeconomic effects of population aging are explored using data for the G-7 countries and Australia. The link between changes in birth and mortality rates on the one hand, and dependency ratios on the other, is first discussed, then empirical evidence on the effects of dependency ratios on net foreign asset positions and on consumption is presented. Simulations of changes in dependency ratios are then reported, using demographic projections to the year 2025. Finally, the plausibility of the implied changes in net foreign asset positions is discussed.
Released on 2019-12-20Categories Business & Economics

A Three-Country Macroeconomic Model for Portugal

A Three-Country Macroeconomic Model for Portugal

Author: Alex Pienkowski

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 9781513519241

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 20

View: 889

This paper outlines a simple three-country macroeconomic model designed to focus on the transmission of external shocks to Portugal. Building on the framework developed by Berg et al (2006), this model differentiates between shocks originating from both inside and outside the euro area, as well as domestic shocks, each of which have different implications for Portugal. This framework is also used to consider the dynamics of the Portuguese economy over recent decades. The model, which is designed to guide forecasts and undertake simulations, can easily be modified for use in other small euro area countries.
Released on 1989-06-23Categories Business & Economics

A Forward-Looking Macroeconomic Simulation Model for a Developing Country

A Forward-Looking Macroeconomic Simulation Model for a Developing Country

Author: International Monetary Fund

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 9781451969849

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 48

View: 881

The paper develops a small dynamic macroeconomic simulation model for a representative developing country which relies on familiar macroeconomic theory and in which expectations are formed rationally. The model is useful for the analysis and simulation of important policy questions in a general-equilibrium setting. Several policy experiments are conducted which illustrate the workings of the model and yield fresh insights into the effects of standard macroeconomic policies in developing countries.
Released on 1993-09-01Categories Business & Economics

An Extended Scenario and Adjustment Model for Developing Countries

An Extended Scenario and Adjustment Model for Developing Countries

Author: Ms.Sheila Bassett

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 9781451849387

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 60

View: 302

This paper discusses three important extensions to the developing country scenario and adjustment model used in the World Economic Outlook exercises. First, the model is augmented to include fiscal and monetary sectors and now explicitly captures links among government policy, investment, output and inflation. Second, the external sector is modified to allow domestic demand factors to influence imports, as well as allowing flexibility in the financing of imports. Third, the model system is extended to the group of net-creditor countries, and for the oil exporters within this group, oil exports are modeled separately. The revised model is estimated for each of the 95 developing countries and parameter estimates for each of the main equations are presented. The paper also reports the results of four simulation exercises to illustrate how the new model system may be used to quantify the effects of changes in domestic policies and in the external environment.
Released on 1990-02-01Categories Business & Economics

An Econometric Rational Expectations Macroeconomic Model for Developing Countries with Capital Controls

An Econometric Rational Expectations Macroeconomic Model for Developing Countries with Capital Controls

Author: International Monetary Fund

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 9781451925869

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 30

View: 683

A small macroeconomic model based on familiar theoretical considerations is developed and estimated using data from 31 developing countries. Efficient estimation techniques are used to control for country heterogeneity under the assumption of rational expectations. The estimates and the test statistics suggest that the model could serve well as a framework for developing-country macroeconomic analysis. An interesting feature of the specification of the model is that it allows the hypothesis of capital mobility to be explicitly tested. The empirical analysis suggests that on average developing countries tend to exhibit a high degree of capital mobility.
Released on 2019-06-26Categories Business & Economics

A Macroeconomics Model and Stabilisation Policies for the OPEC Countries

A Macroeconomics Model and Stabilisation Policies for the OPEC Countries

Author: A. Khalik Salman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429875380

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

View: 394

First published in 1999, this book focuses on the macroeconomics issues which directly affect OPEC countries, aiming to set them in the context of the overall development effort. The most extant theoretical and empirical aspects in macroeconomics are integrated smoothly with institutional issues and policy questions. The analysis is illustrated through examples to show how the theories relate to the real world, especially to ongoing debates on developing economies as well as debates that encompass both developing and OPEC and developed countries.
Released on 2017-01-01Categories Antiques & Collectibles

Currency Crisis in Four Asian Countries: The Insolvency Model Approach (UUM Press)

Currency Crisis in Four Asian Countries: The Insolvency Model Approach (UUM Press)

Author: Nor ‘Aznin Abu Bakar

Publisher: UUM Press

ISBN: 9789672064039

Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Page: 103

View: 202

The book deals with the 1997 Asian currency crisis and analyses the causes and consequences of the crisis. The two hypotheses, fundamental and panic/herd behaviour hypotheses, which are often viewed as competing, are also examined. The first hypothesis states that fundamental imbalances triggered the Asian currency and financial crisis in 1997. The crisis occurred because the economies had deteriorating current accounts, a slow down in growth rates and short-term debt approaching a dangerous level; while the second hypothesis states that sudden shifts in market expectations and confidence were the cause of the initial financial turmoil. When the crisis erupted, it caused panic among domestic and foreign investors. The main focus of this book is to evaluate these two approaches and to examine whether there was evidence of insolvency prior to the crisis in four Asian countries namely Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines. A solvency index, originally popularised by Cohen, is calculated for each country. An analysis of the trade sector is undertaken in which the dynamic OLS is employed. Subsequently, the price elasticities obtained from the export demand model together with the GDP supply elasticity are used to calculate the index. From the analysis, it appears that all countries were solvent prior to the crisis where the percentage of actual debt service paid (in 1997) was greater than the percentage that must be paid to be solvent. This suggests that further external credit could have solved the problem, as it was a matter of short-term liquidity difficulties and panic, rather than insolvency.
Released on 2011-02-25Categories Business & Economics

Theory and Practice of the Triple Helix Model in Developing Countries

Theory and Practice of the Triple Helix Model in Developing Countries

Author: Mohammed Saad

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136876059

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 612

Theory and Practice of Triple Helix Model in Developing Countries contributes to the expanding literature on "triple helix" innovation - focusing on developing countries. The book is based on practical cases and experiences from Africa, Latin America and Asia. Relevant experiences and best practices from developed countries are also examined. The book is presented as a response to the growing awareness about the need for policy shift from the traditional technology transfer practice to a policy position that is capable of providing a sustainable basis for innovation and technological progress in developing countries. The book explores the triple helix system of innovation based on the dynamics of the interactive relationships between government, industry and universities in the creation, dissemination and sharing of knowledge in developing countries. A major point addressed by the book is the extent to which the ‘triple helix’ system of relationships between university, industry and government can enhance the effectiveness of universities in developing countries as agents of innovation, industrialization and sustainable development.