Released on 2018-01-11Categories Psychology

The Nature of Human Intelligence

The Nature of Human Intelligence

Author: Robert J. Sternberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316819562

Category: Psychology

Page:

View: 746

The study of human intelligence features many points of consensus, but there are also many different perspectives. In this unique book Robert J. Sternberg invites the nineteen most highly cited psychological scientists in the leading textbooks on human intelligence to share their research programs and findings. Each chapter answers a standardized set of questions on the measurement, investigation, and development of intelligence - and the outcome represents a wide range of substantive and methodological emphases including psychometric, cognitive, expertise-based, developmental, neuropsychological, genetic, cultural, systems, and group-difference approaches. This is an exciting and valuable course book for upper-level students to learn from the originators of the key contemporary ideas in intelligence research about how they think about their work and about the field.
Released on 1990-07-27Categories Psychology

Metaphors of Mind

Metaphors of Mind

Author: Robert J. Sternberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521386330

Category: Psychology

Page: 344

View: 976

Metaphors of Mind seeks to help readers understand human intelligence as viewed from a variety of standpoints, such as those of psychology, anthropology, computational science, sociology, and philosophy. Much of the present confusion surrounding the concept of intelligence stems from our having looked at it from these different standpoints without considering how they relate to each other or how they might be combined into a unified view that goes beyond the boundaries of a particular discipline. Readers of Metaphors of Mind will come away with a comprehensive understanding of the concept of intelligence and how ideas about it have evolved and are continuing to evolve.
Released on 1992Categories Business & Economics

Artificial Intelligence and Business Management

Artificial Intelligence and Business Management

Author: Derek Partridge

Publisher: Intellect Books

ISBN: 0893918350

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 343

View: 634

After introducing the concept of artificial intelligence (AI), the authors of this text discuss the scope and limitations of AI technology in the various subfields that are expected to be relevant to business management systems - natural language processing, voice processing, image processing, and intelligent robots.
Released on 2003-10-31Categories Psychology

The Nature of Intelligence

The Nature of Intelligence

Author: Gregory R. Bock

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470870846

Category: Psychology

Page: 308

View: 530

Evolutionary psychology and behavioural genetics are two successful and important fields in the study of human behaviour, but practitioners in these subjects have different conceptions of the nature of human intelligence. Evolutionary psychologists dispute the existence of general intelligence and emphasise the differences among species. They argue that natural and sexual selection would be expected to produce intelligences that are specialised for particular domains, as encountered by particular species. Behavioural geneticists consider general intelligence to be the most fundamental aspect of intelligence and concentrate on the differences between individuals of the same species. This exciting book features papers and discussion contributions from leading behavioural geneticists, evolutionary psychologists and experts on intelligence that explore the differences and the tensions between these two approaches. The nature of 'g' or general intelligence is discussed in detail, as is the issue of the heritability of intelligence. The alternative approaches that emphasise domain-specific intelligences are explored, alongside wide-ranging discussions on a broad range of issues such as the biological basis for intelligence, animal models and changes in IQ scores over time.
Released on 2013-06-17Categories Psychology

The Evolution of Intelligence

The Evolution of Intelligence

Author: Robert J. Sternberg

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781135668440

Category: Psychology

Page: 400

View: 652

How is one to understand the nature of intelligence? One approach is through psychometric testing, but such an approach often puts the "cart before the horse"--the test before the theory. Another approach is to use evolutionary theory. This criterion has been suggested by a number of individuals in the past, from Charles Darwin in the more distant past to Howard Gardner, Stephen Gould, Steven Pinker, Carl Sagan, David Stenhouse, and many others. The chapters in this book address three major questions: 1. Does evolutionary theory help us understand the nature of human intelligence? 2. If so, what does it tell us about the nature of human intelligence? 3. And if so, how has intelligence evolved? The goal of this book is to present diverse points of view on the evolution of intelligence as offered by leading experts in the field. In particular, it may be possible to better understand the nature and societal implications of intelligence by understanding how and why it has evolved as it has. This book is unique in offering a diversity of points of view on the topic of the evolution of human intelligence.
Released on 1994-03-17Categories Psychology

Intelligence, Mind, and Reasoning

Intelligence, Mind, and Reasoning

Author: A. Demetriou

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 008086760X

Category: Psychology

Page: 238

View: 133

This volume aims to contribute to the integration of three traditions that have remained separate in psychology. Specifically, the developmental, the psychometric, and the cognitive tradition. In order to achieve this aim, the text deals with these three aspects of human knowing that have been the focus of one or more of the three traditions for many years. Answers are provided to questions such as the following: What is common to intelligence, mind, and reasoning? What is specific to each of these three aspects of human knowing? How does each of them affect the functioning and development of the other? The chapters are organized into two parts. Part I focuses on intelligence and mind and has reasoning at the background. The papers in this part present new theories and methods that systematically attempt to bridge psychometric theories of intelligence with theories of cognitive development or information processing theories. Part II focuses on mind and reasoning and has intelligence at the background. The papers in this part develop models of reasoning and attempt to show how reasoning interacts with mind and intelligence. Two discussion chapters are also included. These highlight the convergences and the divergences of the various traditions as represented in the book.