The Technology of Sun M icrosystems Two years ago, Sun Microsystems began publishing a quarterly tech nical journal, Sun Technology: The Journal for Sun Users. Since then, its pages have explored in detail diverse technology and products relating to Sun. The journal's technically sophisticated readers are likely to apply the information published in the journal to their work. Sun Technology has been written by technologists for technologists. In the pages of The Sun Technology Papers, you will find an extensive selection of those articles. No other single volume offers you such a broad view of Sun-related technology and products. Yet this sweeping embrace of subjects does not diminish the level of detail in this collection. Short of Sun's 40 pounds or so of documentation, no other single source provides as deep and broad an understanding of Sun technology as this book does. Because Sun is a key developer in so many areas of computer technology, the book comprises four general sections. The first, "Soft ware," includes chapters on Open Network Computing, Sun's compil ers, SunOS and SPARC, and the Network Software Environment. The "Hardware" section covers SPARC in great detail and includes the most in-depth examination of the popular SPARCstation 1. This sec tion also contains chapters on the Sun386i workstation.
With the SPARC (Scalable Processor ARChitecture) architecture and system software as the underlying foundation, Sun Microsys terns is delivering a new model of computing-easy workgroup computing-to enhance the way people work, automating processes across groups, departments, and teams locally and globally. Sun and a large and growing number of companies in the computer industry have embarked on a new approach to meet the needs of computer users and system developers in the 1990s. Originated by Sun, the approach targets users who need a range of compatible computer systems with a variety of application soft ware and want the option to buy those systems from a choice of vendors. The approach also meets the needs of system developers to be part of a broad, growing market of compatible systems and software-developers who need to design products quickly and cost-effecti vel y. The SPARe approach ensures that computer systems can be easy to use for all classes of users and members of the workgroup, end users, system administrators, and software developers. For the end user, the SPARC technologies facilitate system set-up and the daily use of various applications. For the system administrator supporting the computer installation, setting up and monitoring the network are easier. For the software developer, there are ad vanced development tools and support. Furthermore, the features of the SPARC hardware and software technologies ensure that SPARC systems and applications play an important role in the years to come.
Welcome Sun users. This guide will be your key to understanding your Sun workstation. Within these pages you will find out how to use all of the basic functions and capabilities in a minimal amount of time. From SunView to Security, from Backups to Permissions, you will find out what you need quickly. This book is not intended to replace the current Sun docu mentation. It is a fast learning tool for you to become a functional Sun user quickly. Each chapter will cover the basic information needed to allow you to use that area efficiently. The chapters on UNIX file systems and permissions are for beginners' reference and will aid in learning the file system. All examples will refer to the machine name 1 tahoe. This is done to make the references to a system prompt consistent and avoid confusion. You should use this book in conjunction with the Sun manual pages included with your system. When referencing system com mands or functions, the manual pages will give you the additional capabilities which will prove invaluable in the future. I hope you enjoy this book and your new Sun workstation.
This Guide to Sun Administration is areference manual written by Sun administrators for Sun administrators. The book is not in tended to be a complete guide to UNIX Systems Administration; instead it will concentrate on the special issues that are particular to the Sun environment. It will take you through the basic steps necessary to install and maintain a network of Sun computers. Along the way, helpful ideas will be given concerning NFS, YP, backup and restore procedures, as well as many useful installation tips that can make a system administrator's job less painful. Spe cifically, SunGS 4.0 through 4.0.3 will be studied; however, many ofthe ideas and concepts presented are generic enough to be used on any version of SunGS. This book is not intended to be basic introduction to SunGS. It is assumed thatthe reader will have at least a year ofexperience supporting UNIX. BookOverview The firstchaptergives adescription ofthe system types thatwill be discussed throughout the book. An understanding of all of the system types is needed to comprehend the rest ofthe book. Chapter 2 provides the information necessary to install a workstation. The format utility and the steps involved in the suninstall process are covered in detail. Ideas and concepts about partitioning are included in this chapter. YP is the topic of the third chapter. A specific description of each YPmap and each YPcommand ispresented, along with some tips about ways to best utilize this package in your environment.
This book examines the manner in which successful firms develop, transfer, protect, and capture value from technological innovation. In essence, it is about “knowledge management”, which lies at the foundation of firm level competitive advantage in today's global economy. The essays contain some of the fundamental contributions to the field of knowledge management by one of its best-known thinkers; they also constitute an immensely practical guide for those managers who wish to look below the surface of what is going on in Silicon Valley and elsewhere. Contents:Capturing Value from Technological InnovationSustaining Value Creation and CaptureLicensing, Technology Transfer, and the Market for Know-HowTechnological Change and Competition PolicyTechnological Innovation and the Theory of the Firm Readership: Professionals and academics in management studies. Keywords:Reviews:“Anyone interested in strategy or policy towards knowledge industries will learn much from this collection, written throughout with the elegance and lucidity which is a hallmark of Teece's work.”Research Policy
10 MODEL PAPERS COMPLETELY SOLVED AS PER NEW SYLLABUS PATTERN 40 IMPORTANT DISTINGUISH BETWEEN NON TEXTUAL12 IMPORTANT DIAGRAMS FROM PART (I & II)15 NUMERICAL PROBLEMS TO BE SOLVED FOR BOARD EXAM.CHAPTERS COVEREDSCHOOL OF ELEMENTS,THE MAGIC OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS,THE ACID BASE CHEMISTRY,THE ELECTRIC SPARK,ALL ABOUT ELECTROMAGNETISM,WONDERS OF LIGHT PART - I & IIUNDERSTANDING METALS & N0N - METALS,AMAZING WORLD OF CARBON COMPOUNDS,LIFE’S INTERNAL SECRETS,THE REGULATORS OF LIFE,THE LIFE CYCLE,MAPPING OUR GENES,STRIVING FOR BETTER ENVIRONMENT PART - I & II
Calculation is the main function of a computer. The central unit is responsible for executing the programs. The microprocessor is its integrated form. This component, since the announcement of its marketing in 1971, has not stopped breaking records in terms of computing power, price reduction and integration of functions (calculation of basic functions, storage with integrated controllers). It is present today in most electronic devices. Knowing its internal mechanisms and programming is essential for the electronics engineer and computer scientist to understand and master the operation of a computer and advanced concepts of programming. This first volume focuses more particularly on the first generations of microprocessors, that is to say those that handle integers in 4 and 8-bit formats. The first chapter presents the calculation function and reminds the memory function. The following is devoted to notions of calculation model and architecture. The concept of bus is then presented. Chapters 4 and 5 can then address the internal organization and operation of the microprocessor first in hardware and then software. The mechanism of the function call, conventional and interrupted, is more particularly detailed in a separate chapter. The book ends with a presentation of architectures of the first microcomputers for a historical perspective. The knowledge is presented in the most exhaustive way possible with examples drawn from current and old technologies that illustrate and make accessible the theoretical concepts. Each chapter ends if necessary with corrected exercises and a bibliography. The list of acronyms used and an index are at the end of the book.
In the early 1980s, a trend towards formal undeIStanding and knowledge-based assistance for the development and maintenance of database-intensive information systems became apparent. The group of John Mylopoulos at the UniveISity of Toronto and their European collaboratoIS moved from semantic models of information systems design (Taxis project) towards earlier stages of the software lifecycle. Joachim Schmidt's group at the University of Hamburg completed their early work on the design and implementation of database programming languages (Pascal/R) and began to consider tools for the development of large database program packages. The Belgian company BIM developed a fast commercial Prolog which turned out to be useful as an implementation language for object oriented knowledge representation schemes and as a prototyping tool for formal design models. Case studies by Vasant Dhar and Matthias Jarke in New York pointed out the need for formally representing process knowledge, and a number of projects in the US and Europe began to consider computer assistance (CASE) as a viable approach to support software engineering. In 1985, the time appeared ripe for an attempt at integrating these experiences in a comprehensive CASE framework relating all phases of an information systems lifecycle. The Commission of the European Communities decided in early 1986 to fund this joint effort by six European software houses and research institutions in the Software Technology section of the ESPRIT I program. The project was given the number 892 and the title DAIDA - Development Assistance for Intelligent Database Applications.
This volume constitutes the proceedings of the International Symposium on Design and Implementation of Symbolic Computation Systems (DISCO '93), held in Gmunden, Austria, in September 1993. The growing importance of systems for symbolic computation has greatly influenced the decision of organizing this third conference in the series: DISCO '93 focuses mainly on the most innovative methodological and technological aspects of the design and implementation of hardware and software systems for symbolic and algebraic computation, automated reasoning, geometric modeling and computation, and automatic programming. The general objective of DISCO '93 is to present an up-to-date view of the field and to serve as a forum insymbolic computation for the scientific exchange among academic, industrial and user communities. Besides invited talks by Buchberger, Monagan, Omodeo and Hong, the volume contains 28 contributions, carefully selected by a highly competent international program committee from a total of 56 submissions.
Powerful networked workstations are adding a new dimension to the world of computing. Programmers are challenged to write applications that exploit the speed and parallelism of such distributed systems, programs that take advantage of the networking and communication features of high-speed workstations. John Corbin, a senior engineer in Sun's networking group, bases his approach on RPC (Remote Procedure Call), a technique for programming communication processes in UNIX environments. A professional reference book as well as a textbook on RPC programming techniques, The Art of Distributed Applications: Programming Techniques for Remote Procedure Call, is for the working programmer who needs to explore the possibilities of designing distributed networked applications under UNIX. The book can also be recommended as a supplemental text in a distributed systems course, providing the basis for lab assignments.