Released on 2009-09-10Categories Business & Economics

The World's First Railway System

The World's First Railway System

Author: Mark Casson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191570414

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 560

View: 617

The British railway network was a monument to Victorian private enterprise. Its masterpieces of civil engineering were emulated around the world. But its performance was controversial: praised for promoting a high density of lines, it was also criticised for wasteful duplication of routes. This is the first history of the British railway system written from a modern economic perspective. It uses conterfactual analysis to construct an alternaive network to represent the most efficient alternative rail network that could have been constructed given what was known at the time - the first time this has been done. It reveals how weaknesses in regulation and defects in government policy resulted in enormous inefficiency in the Victorian system that Britain lives with today. British railway companies developed into powerful regional monopolies, which then contested each other's territories. When denied access to existing lines in rival territories, they built duplicate lines instead. Plans for an integrated national system, sponsored by William Gladstone, were blocked by Members of Parliament because of a perceived conflict with the local interests they represented. Each town wanted more railways than its neighbours, and so too many lines were built. The costs of these surplus lines led ultimately to higher fares and freight charges, which impaired the performance of the economy. The book will be the definitive source of reference for those interested in the economic history of the British railway system. It makes use of a major new historical source, deposited railway plans, integrates transport and local history through its regional analysis of the railway system, and provides a comprehensive, classified bibliography.
Released on 2017-01-24Categories Transportation

The North Eastern Railway in the First World War

The North Eastern Railway in the First World War

Author: Rob Langham

Publisher: Fonthill Media

ISBN:

Category: Transportation

Page:

View: 434

The North Eastern Railway underwent extreme change after the outbreak of war in August 1914. Within months, the company raised its own battalion of men and was the only railway company to do so. The NER also set to work adapting to the changes and requirements the war would bring. Not only would there be a drop in regular passenger traffic levels and increase in freight, transporting both war material and troops, but the workshops formerly used to build locomotives were turned over to making weapons of war. In December 1914, the railway came under attack from the Imperial German Navy, causing damage to the NER's infrastructure and killing several of its men. As the war went on, locomotives and rolling stock were sent to France to help with the enormous logistics required for operations on the Western Front. The planned opening of an electrified railway line for freight went ahead with a brand new fleet of powerful electric locomotives, adding to the company's portfolio of electrification with the electrified Tyneside passenger line and Newcastle Quayside. NER land was used to build an enormous munitions factory at Darlington and the unprecedented use of women in the work place meant traditionally male-only roles were increasingly seeing women take over and freeing men for military service.Overseas, men of the NER that joined the forces served with honour, but many were not to come home. The North Eastern Railway in the First World War tells the story of one railway's war, of how it continued to operate and adapt, and the men and women who served with the company or left to fight for the country's freedom.
Released on 2019-06-01Categories Transportation

History of the World in 500 Railway Journeys

History of the World in 500 Railway Journeys

Author: Sarah Baxter

Publisher: White Lion Publishing

ISBN: 9781781319383

Category: Transportation

Page: 400

View: 968

History is everywhere, and is never as complete as when it can be accessed on a part of history itself. The locomotive is one of the great steps in progress of civilisation that undoubtably connects us to land and history that was shaped by the machine itself. Although a basic form of railway, or rutway, did exist in Ancient Greek and Roman times – notably the ship trackway between Diolkos and the Isthmus of Corinth around 600 BC – it would take several thousand years before the first fare-paying passenger service was launched in the early nineteenth century. Some two hundred years on, it is possible to travel by train to some of the world's most remote and remarkable destinations, and track the many wonderful legacies of the Earth's extensive history – man-made and otherwise. From prehistoric rock formations to skyscraper cities, slow steam engines to high-speed bullet trains, let A History of the World in 500 Railway Journeys be your guide. Through its beautifully illustrated pages, and 500 awe-inspiring railway journeys, you can chart your own transcontinental itinerary through time. Chug through canyons, steam past ancient monuments, speed through cities, luxuriate in the railcars of presidents and queens, or make express connections between key historical moments or epic eras, A History of the World in 500 Railway Journeys has it all. A must-read for travellers, railfans and history buffs alike, offering inspiration and information in equal measure.
Released on 2016-11-10Categories Biography & Autobiography

The Railway King

The Railway King

Author: Robert Beaumont

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781472246530

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 288

View: 749

George Hudson - the eponymous Railway King - started his career with a stroke of luck, inheriting £27,000 (a fortune in 1827) from a distant relative. He invested successfully in the North Midland Railway, then formed his own Midland Railway, raising £5 million and bribing MPs along the way. But from his glory in 1845 he fell into disgrace, admitting corruption and selling land he did not own. He was eventually imprisoned in York Castle and died a broken man in 1871. His story provides an excellent insight into nineteenth-century politics and industrial progress, full of moral dilemmas and a testimony to the growth of the railways in Britain - a timely subject.
Released on 2018-03-06Categories History

Railway Photographic Advertising in Britain, 1900-1939

Railway Photographic Advertising in Britain, 1900-1939

Author: Alexander Medcalf

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319708577

Category: History

Page: 236

View: 970

This book explores the phenomenal resources dedicated to understanding and encouraging passengers to consume travel from 1900 to 1939, analysing how place and travel were presented for sale. Using the Great Western Railway as a chief case study, as well as a range of its competitors both on and off the rails, Alexander Medcalf unravels the complex and ever-changing processes behind corporate sales communications. This volume analyses exactly how the company pictured passengers in the countryside, at the seaside, in the urban landscape and in the company’s vehicles. This thematic approach brings transport and business history thoroughly in line with tourism and leisure history as well as studies in visual culture.
Released on 2022Categories Electronic books

Rethinking Secular Time in Victorian England

Rethinking Secular Time in Victorian England

Author: Stefan Fisher-Høyrem

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783031092855

Category: Electronic books

Page: 240

View: 957

This open access book draws on conceptual resources ranging from medieval scholasticism to postmodern theory to propose a new understanding of secular time and its mediation in nineteenth-century technological networks. Untethering the concept of secularity from questions of religion and belief, it offers an innovative rethinking of the history of secularisation that will appeal to students, scholars, and everyone interested in secularity, Victorian culture, the history of technology, and the temporalities of modernity. Stefan Fisher-Hyrem (PhD) is a historian and Senior Academic Librarian at the University of Agder, Norway.
Released on 2013-11-07Categories History

To the Edge of the World

To the Edge of the World

Author: Christian Wolmar

Publisher: Atlantic Books Ltd

ISBN: 9781782392040

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 627

Christian Wolmar expertly tells the story of the Trans-Siberian railway from its conception and construction under Tsar Alexander III, to the northern extension ordered by Brezhnev and its current success as a vital artery. He also explores the crucial role the line played in both the Russian Civil War -Trotsky famously used an armoured carriage as his command post - and the Second World War, during which the railway saved the country from certain defeat. Like the author's previous railway histories, it focuses on the personalities, as well as the political and economic events, that lay behind one of the most extraordinary engineering triumphs of the nineteenth century.
Released on 2021-08-29Categories History

A World History of Railway Cultures, 1830-1930

A World History of Railway Cultures, 1830-1930

Author: Matthew D. Esposito

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351211833

Category: History

Page: 2985

View: 696

A World History of Railway Cultures, 1830-1930 is the first collection of primary sources to historicize the cultural impact of railways on a global scale from their inception in Great Britain to the Great Depression. Its dual purpose is to promote understanding of complex historical processes leading to globalization and generate interest in transnational and global comparative research on railways. In four volumes, organized by historical geography, this scholarly collection gathers rare out-of-print published and unpublished materials from archival and digital repositories throughout the world. It adopts a capsule approach that focuses on short selections of significant primary source content instead of redundant and irrelevant materials found in online data collections. The current collection draws attention to railway cultures through railroad reports, parliamentary papers, government documents, police reports, public health records, engineering reports, technical papers, medical surveys, memoirs, diaries, travel narratives, ethnographies, newspaper articles, editorials, pamphlets, broadsides, paintings, cartoons, engravings, photographs, art, ephemera, and passages from novels and poetry collections that shed light on the cultural history of railways. The editor’s original essays and headnotes on the cultural politics of railways introduce over 200 carefully selected primary sources. Students and researchers come to understand railways not as applied technological impositions of industrial capitalism but powerful, fluid, and idiosyncratic historical constructs.
Released on 2009-04-28Categories Science

Seize the Daylight

Seize the Daylight

Author: David Prerau

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9780786736959

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 516

Benjamin Franklin conceived of it. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle endorsed it. Winston Churchill campaigned for it. Kaiser Wilhelm first employed it. Woodrow Wilson and Franklin Roosevelt went to war with it, and more recently the United States fought an energy crisis with it. For several months every year, for better or worse, daylight savings time affects vast numbers of people throughout the world. And from Ben Franklin's era to today, its story has been an intriguing and sometimes-bizarre amalgam of colorful personalities and serious technical issues, purported costs and perceived benefits, conflicts between interest groups and government policymakers. It impacts diverse and unexpected areas, including agricultural practices, street crime, the reporting of sports scores, traffic accidents, the inheritance rights of twins, and voter turnout. Illustrated with a popular look at science and history, Seize the Daylight presents an intriguing and surprisingly entertaining story of our attempt to regulate the sunlight hours.
Released on 2015-03-26Categories Technology & Engineering

Railway Infrastructure Security

Railway Infrastructure Security

Author: Roberto Setola

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319044262

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 249

View: 866

This comprehensive monograph addresses crucial issues in the protection of railway systems, with the objective of enhancing the understanding of railway infrastructure security. Based on analyses by academics, technology providers and railway operators, it explains how to assess terrorist and criminal threats, design countermeasures, and implement effective security strategies. In so doing, it draws upon a range of experiences from different countries in Europe and beyond. The book is the first to be devoted entirely to this subject. It will serve as a timely reminder of the attractiveness of the railway infrastructure system as a target for criminals and terrorists and, more importantly, as a valuable resource for stakeholders and professionals in the railway security field aiming to develop effective security based on a mix of methodological, technological and organizational tools. Besides researchers and decision makers in the field, the book will appeal to students interested in critical infrastructure protection.
Released on 2020-11-13Categories Technology & Engineering

Unmanned Driving Systems for Smart Trains

Unmanned Driving Systems for Smart Trains

Author: Hui Liu

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323886352

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 376

View: 867

Unmanned Driving Systems for Smart Trains explores the core technologies involved in unmanned driving systems for smart railways and trains, from foundational theory to the latest advances. The volume introduces the key technologies, research results and frontiers of the field. Each chapter includes practical cases to ground theory in practice. Seven chapters cover key aspects of unmanned driving systems for smart trains, including performance evaluation, algorithm-based reasoning and learning strategy, main control parameters, data mining and processing, energy saving optimization and control, and intelligent algorithm simulation platforms. This book will help researchers find solutions in developing better unmanned driving systems. Responds to the expansion of smart railways and the adoption of unmanned global systems Covers core technologies of unmanned driving systems for smart trains Details a large number of case studies and experimental designs for unmanned railway systems Adopts a multidisciplinary view where disciplines intersect at key points Gives both foundational theory and the latest theoretical and practical advances for unmanned railways