Released on 2015-07-24Categories Language Arts & Disciplines

Variation in Language: System- and Usage-based Approaches

Variation in Language: System- and Usage-based Approaches

Author: Aria Adli

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110346855

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 321

View: 241

Where is the locus of language variation? In the grammar, outside the grammar or somewhere in between? Taking up the debate between system- and usage-based approaches, this volume provides new discussions of fundamental issues of language variation. It includes several highly insightful theoretical contributions as well as innovative empirical studies considering different types of data, the role of priming in language change and rare phenomena.
Released on 2014-07-15Categories Language Arts & Disciplines

Usage-Based Approaches to Language Change

Usage-Based Approaches to Language Change

Author: Evie Coussé

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027270092

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 275

View: 565

Usage-based approaches to language have gained increasing attention in the last two decades. The importance of change and variation has always been recognized in this framework, but has never received central attention. It is the main aim of this book to fill this gap. Once we recognize that usage is crucial for our understanding of language and linguistic structures, language change and variation inevitably take centre stage in linguistic analysis. Along these lines, the volume presents eight studies by international authors that discuss various approaches to studying language change from a usage-based perspective. Both theoretical issues and empirical case studies are well-represented in this collection. The case studies cover a variety of different languages – ranging from historically well-studied European languages via Japanese to the Amazonian isolate Yurakaré with no written history at all. The book provides new insights relevant for scholars interested in both functional and cognitive linguistic theory, in historical linguists and in language typology.
Released on 2022-01-20Categories Language Arts & Disciplines

Explanations in Sociosyntactic Variation

Explanations in Sociosyntactic Variation

Author: Tanya Karoli Christensen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108676854

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page:

View: 328

What explains variation in human language? How are linguistic and social factors related? How do we examine possible semantic differences between variants? These questions and many more are explored in this volume, which examines syntactic variables in a range of languages. It brings together a team of internationally acclaimed authors to provide perspectives on how and why syntax varies between and within speakers, focusing on explaining theoretical backgrounds and methods. The analyses presented are based on a range of languages, making it possible to address the questions from a cross-linguistic perspective. All chapters demonstrate rigorous quantitative analyses, which expose the conditioning factors in language change as well as offering important insights into community and individual grammars. It is essential reading for researchers and students with an interest in language variation and change, and the theoretical framework and methods applied in the study of how and why syntax varies.
Released on 2021-06-15Categories Language Arts & Disciplines

Lost in Change

Lost in Change

Author: Svenja Kranich

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027259967

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 366

View: 309

While research on language change has formulated robust empirical generalisations about processes and motivations underlying the emergence and spread of linguistic elements, their decline and loss is less well understood. So far a systematic investigation into the processes and motivations of decline and loss in language change is lacking. This book is a first step towards remedying this state of affairs. It brings together a varied set of empirical investigations into decline and loss, spanning morphology, syntax and the lexicon, in different languages. Their authors apply diverse methodologies and represent different theoretical approaches. On the basis of this broad span of studies, authors and editors propose generalisations related to decline and loss and assess similarities and differences with processes and motivations of emergence and spread. The book aims to inspire and provide hypotheses for further studies of decline and loss. It will appeal to historical linguists and others interested in language change.
Released on 2003-05Categories Language Arts & Disciplines

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics

Author: William Frawley

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195139778

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 2198

View: 716

This updated edition contains over 900 articles, which provide a detailed overview of theory and research in all branches of linguistics. Every known language is covered and each article is followed by a detailed bibliography.
Released on 2019-03-25Categories Language Arts & Disciplines

Categoriality in Language Change

Categoriality in Language Change

Author: Lauren Fonteyn

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190917586

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 240

View: 426

This book presents the first serious attempt to set out a functional-semantic definition of diachronic transcategorial shift between the major classes noun/nominal and verb/clause. In English, speakers have different options to refer to an event, ranging from that-clauses (That he had guessed her size) over infinitives (For him to guess her size) and verbal gerunds (Him guessing her size) to nominal gerunds (His guessing of her size) and deverbal nouns (His guess of her size). Interestingly, not only do these strategies each resemble "prototypical" nominals to varying extents, but also some of these strategies increasingly resemble clauses and decreasingly resemble prototypical nominals over time, as if they are gradually shifting categories. Thus far, the literature that has dealt with such cases of diachronic categorial shift has mainly described the processes by focusing on form, leaving us with a clear picture of what and how changes have occurred. Yet, the question of why these formal changes have occurred is still shrouded in mystery. In this book, Lauren Fonteyn tackles this mystery by showing that the diachronic processes of nominalization and verbalization can also involve functional-semantic changes in two steps. First, building on functionalist and cognitive models of grammar, she offers a theoretical model of categoriality that allows us to study diachronic nominalization and verbalization not just as morphosyntactic but also as functional-semantic processes. Second, she offers more concrete, "workable" definitions of the abstract functional-semantic properties of the nominal and verbal/clausal class, which are subsequently applied to one of the most intriguing deverbal nominalization systems in the history of English: the English gerund.
Released on 2021-02-03Categories Foreign Language Study

The Evolution of Spanish Past Forms

The Evolution of Spanish Past Forms

Author: Gibran Delgado-Díaz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000352641

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 140

View: 353

The Evolution of Spanish Past Forms examines how Spanish past forms have changed diachronically. With examples from Medieval Spanish, Golden Age Spanish, and Modern Spanish literary works, this book demonstrates how language is dynamic and susceptible to change. The past forms considered here include the preterit, the imperfect, the imperfect progressive with estar (temporal to be), the present perfect, the imperfect progressive with other auxiliary verbs, the preterit progressive with estar, and the preterit progressive with other auxiliary verbs. This book will be of interest to scholars and graduate students investigating tense and aspect phenomena in Spanish and other languages, grammaticalization processes, and language variation and change.
Released on 2014-06-15Categories Language Arts & Disciplines

Usage-based Approaches to Japanese Grammar

Usage-based Approaches to Japanese Grammar

Author: Kaori Kabata

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027270313

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 308

View: 507

This volume brings together papers that take usage-based approaches to study the nature of human language, with a focus on the grammar of Japanese. The 12 chapters provide a rich array of data and methodologies, with topics ranging from phonology, modality, and grammatical morphemes, to sentential construction and discourse-level phenomena such as turn-taking, speech register, and language change. As a whole, they demonstrate that usage-based linguistics illuminates various phenomena in the language that could not have been well accounted for by resorting solely to a formal theory such as the Universal-Grammar-based approach. Reflecting theoretical, methodological, and technological advancements made in and outside the field of cognitive-functional linguistics in recent years, the papers contained in this volume, both individually and collectively, have significant implications towards linguistics in general and Japanese linguistics in particular, as we as Japanese language teaching.
Released on 2018-03-08Categories Language Arts & Disciplines

Bilingualism in the Community

Bilingualism in the Community

Author: Rena Torres Cacoullos

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108246675

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page:

View: 562

Does the use of two languages by bilinguals inevitably bring about grammatical change? Does switching between languages serve as a catalyst in such change? It is widely held that linguistic code-switching inherently promotes grammatical convergence - languages becoming more similar to each other through contact; evidence for this, however, remains elusive. A model of how to study language contact scientifically, Bilingualism in the Community highlights variation patterns in speech, using a new bilingual corpus of English and Spanish spontaneously produced by the same speakers. Putting forward quantitative diagnostics of grammatical similarity, it shows how bilinguals' two languages differ from each other, aligning with their respective monolingual benchmarks. The authors argue that grammatical change through contact is far from a foregone conclusion in bilingual communities, where speakers are adept at keeping their languages together, yet separate. The book is compelling reading for anyone interested in bilingualism and its importance in society.
Released on 2017-11-13Categories Language Arts & Disciplines

Ten Lectures on Cognitive Sociolinguistics

Ten Lectures on Cognitive Sociolinguistics

Author: Dirk Geeraerts

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004336841

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 342

View: 301

Ten Lectures on Cognitive Socolinguistics is a transcribed version of lectures given by Dirk Geeraerts in 2009 at Beihang University in Beijing. The lectures illustrate the ‘social turn’ in Cognitive Linguistics, as a combination of variationist linguistics and cognitive linguistic theory.
Released on 2022-05-31Categories Language Arts & Disciplines

The Routledge Handbook of Second Language Acquisition and Individual Differences

The Routledge Handbook of Second Language Acquisition and Individual Differences

Author: Shaofeng Li

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781000548402

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 546

View: 280

The Routledge Handbook of Second Language Acquisition and Individual Differences provides a thorough, in-depth discussion of the theory, research, and pedagogy pertaining to the role individual difference (ID) factors play in second language acquisition (SLA). It goes beyond the traditional repertoire and includes 32 chapters covering a full spectrum of topics on learners’ cognitive, conative, affective, and demographic/sociocultural variation. The volume examines IDs from two perspectives: one is how each ID variable is associated with learning behaviors, processes, and outcomes; the other is how each domain of SLA, such as vocabulary or reading, is affected by clusters of ID variables. The volume also includes a section on the common methods used in ID research, including data elicitation instruments such as surveys, interviews, and psychometric testing, as well as methods of data analysis such as structural equation modeling. The book is a must-read for any second language researcher or applied linguist interested in investigating the effects of IDs on language learning, and for any educator interested in taking account of learners’ individual differences to maximize the effects of second language instruction.