Released on 2002-09-11Categories Philosophy

Wittgenstein and Quine

Wittgenstein and Quine

Author: Robert Arrington

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134862863

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 195

This unique study brings together for the first time two of the most important philosophers of this century. Never before have these two thinkers been compared - and commentators' opinions on their relationship differ greatly. Are the views of Wittgenstein and Quine on method and the nature of philosophy comparable or radically opposed? Does Wittgenstein's concept of language engender that of Quine, or threaten its philosophical foundations? An understanding of the similarities and differences between the thought of Wittgenstein and of Quine is essential if we are to have a full picture of contemporary philosophy. This collection of essays offers diverse and original ways in which to view their relationship.
Released on 2009-12-31Categories Philosophy

Wittgenstein and the Practice of Philosophy

Wittgenstein and the Practice of Philosophy

Author: Michael Hymers

Publisher: Broadview Press

ISBN: 1770482725

Category: Philosophy

Page: 280

View: 395

Wittgenstein and the Practice of Philosophy introduces Wittgenstein’s philosophy to senior undergraduates and graduate students. Its pedagogical premise is that the best way to understand Wittgenstein’s thought is to take seriously his methodological remarks. Its interpretive premise is that those methodological remarks are the natural result of Wittgenstein’s rejection of his early view of the ground of value, including semantic value or meaning, as something that must lie “outside the world.” This metaphysical view of meaning is replaced in his transitional writings with a kind of conventionalism, according to which meaning is made possible by the existence of grammatical conventions that are implicit in our linguistic practices. The implicit nature of these conventions makes us vulnerable to a special kind of confusion that results from lacking a clear view of the norms that underlie our linguistic practices. This special confusion is characteristic of philosophical problems, and the task of philosophy is the therapeutic one of alleviating confusion by helping us to see our grammatical norms clearly. This development of this therapeutic view of philosophy is traced from Wittgenstein’s early Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus through his transitional writings and lectures to his great masterwork, Philosophical Investigations, and his final reflections on knowledge and scepticism in On Certainty. Wittgenstein’s discussions of naming, family resemblances, rule-following and private language in Philosophical Investigations are all examined as instances of this sort of method, as is his discussion of knowledge in On Certainty. The book concludes by considering some objections to the viability of Wittgenstein’s method and speculating on how it might be extended to a discussion of moral value to which Wittgenstein never explicitly returns.
Released on 2014-12-19Categories Language Arts & Disciplines

Themes from Wittgenstein and Quine

Themes from Wittgenstein and Quine

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789401211949

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 236

View: 948

The volume contains new essays on Wittgenstein and on Quine. Six essays discuss crucial aspects of Wittgenstein’s philosophy of mathematics: Wittgenstein’s ontological quietism in relation to the realism vs. anti-realism debate, his thesis that mathematical propositions are rules of grammar, his perspectives on the nature of numbers, and on equinumerosity and surveyability, his treatment of mathematical formulas, and his disagreements with Brouwer over the infinite and the law of excluded middle. Six essays are dedicated to the philosophy of Willard Van Orman Quine: they discuss Quine’s stance towards the notion of meaning in linguistics and philosophy, his thesis of the indeterminacy of radical translation, his naturalism in semantics, his brand of nominalism, and his attempt to reconstruct possible worlds within an extensionalist framework.
Released on 1984-06-30Categories Philosophy

Quine on Ontology, Necessity, and Experience

Quine on Ontology, Necessity, and Experience

Author: Ilham Dilman

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0873957601

Category: Philosophy

Page: 156

View: 580

This study is a critique of Quine’s views on three interrelated topics that figure prominently in his work and on which he has developed very distinctive opinions. Dr. Dilman provides detailed criticism of these views and contrasts them with Wittgenstein’s understanding of the same topics. Throughout this systematic analysis, the author questions basic assumptions on which the Quinean edifice rests. The book argues that Quine’s notion of ontology is riddled with inconsistencies and singles out examples for discussion. It argues that Quine’s rejection of the distinction between necessary and contingent truths is unwarranted, and that the notion of analyticity, in terms of which he conducts this discussion, is a red herring. And it argues that the notion of experience and subordinate notion of the senses, which Quine uses to discuss the confirmation of propositions and to expound his brand of empiricism, are crude.
Released on 2001Categories Philosophy

Wittgenstein in America

Wittgenstein in America

Author: Colloque Wittgenstein in America

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199241597

Category: Philosophy

Page: 280

View: 613

This remarkable collection explores the legacy of Wittgenstein's work in contemporary American philosophy. The contributors (including several celebrated philosophers) take a variety of approaches to Wittgenstein; they discuss such topics as rule-following, realism about mathematics, the method of the Tractatus, the relation between style and content in Wittgenstein, and his distinction between sense and nonsense. Wittgenstein also is discussed in relation to subsequent philosophers such as Quine and Kripke.
Released on 2009-05-14Categories Philosophy

Wittgenstein and Analytic Philosophy

Wittgenstein and Analytic Philosophy

Author: Hans-Johann Glock

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191550010

Category: Philosophy

Page: 344

View: 399

Peter Hacker is one of the most notable interpreters of Wittgenstein's work, a powerful and sophisticated exponent of Wittgensteinian ideas, and a distinguished historian of the analytic tradition. Thirteen leading philosophers and Wittgenstein scholars offer specially written essays in honour of Hacker. Their contributions deal with a variety of themes associated with Wittgenstein. Some deal with issues of Wittgenstein scholarship and interpretation, including areas that have attracted an increasing amount of attention, such as ethics and religion. Others deal with central topics from the history of analytic philosophy. Finally there are essays that explore and assess Wittgensteinian ideas, in some cases as developed by Hacker, in the philosophy of language and the philosophy of mind, or in related areas such as the philosophy of action and the philosophy of neuroscience.
Released on 2009-12-31Categories Philosophy

Wittgenstein and the Practice of Philosophy

Wittgenstein and the Practice of Philosophy

Author: Michael Hymers

Publisher: Broadview Press

ISBN: 9781551118925

Category: Philosophy

Page: 280

View: 184

Wittgenstein and the Practice of Philosophy introduces Wittgenstein’s philosophy to senior undergraduates and graduate students. Its pedagogical premise is that the best way to understand Wittgenstein’s thought is to take seriously his methodological remarks. Its interpretive premise is that those methodological remarks are the natural result of Wittgenstein’s rejection of his early view of the ground of value, including semantic value or meaning, as something that must lie “outside the world.” This metaphysical view of meaning is replaced in his transitional writings with a kind of conventionalism, according to which meaning is made possible by the existence of grammatical conventions that are implicit in our linguistic practices. The implicit nature of these conventions makes us vulnerable to a special kind of confusion that results from lacking a clear view of the norms that underlie our linguistic practices. This special confusion is characteristic of philosophical problems, and the task of philosophy is the therapeutic one of alleviating confusion by helping us to see our grammatical norms clearly. This development of this therapeutic view of philosophy is traced from Wittgenstein’s early Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus through his transitional writings and lectures to his great masterwork, Philosophical Investigations, and his final reflections on knowledge and scepticism in On Certainty. Wittgenstein’s discussions of naming, family resemblances, rule-following and private language in Philosophical Investigations are all examined as instances of this sort of method, as is his discussion of knowledge in On Certainty. The book concludes by considering some objections to the viability of Wittgenstein’s method and speculating on how it might be extended to a discussion of moral value to which Wittgenstein never explicitly returns.
Released on 2017-05-15Categories Philosophy

The Third Wittgenstein

The Third Wittgenstein

Author: Daniele Moyal-Sharrock

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351881173

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 888

This anthology establishes the existence of a distinct and important post-Investigations Wittgenstein, uncovering the overlooked treasures of the final corpus and crystallising key perceptions of what his last thought was achieving. Speaking of a 'third Wittgenstein', this book seeks to correct the traditional bipartite conception of Wittgenstein's thought into his Tractatus and Philosophical Investigations by focusing on his neglected last masterpiece, On Certainty, and works contemporaneous with it: Remarks on Colour, Last Writings in the Philosophy of Psychology, and Remarks on the Philosophy of Psychology. Leading international Wittgenstein scholars reveal why On Certainty should be recognised as one of Wittgenstein's three great works. This sustained examination shows that the third Wittgenstein breaks new ground with insights unprecedented in both his own work and philosophy more broadly, giving us keys to the solution and dissolution of problems that have plagued philosophy since Descartes, such as philosophical scepticism and the mind-body problem. Wittgenstein's ultimate and revised positions with regard to epistemology, foundationalism, 'grammar', naturalism, the psychology of language, and psychological indeterminacy are clearly delineated. This book also provides new and illuminating accounts of difficult concepts, such as patterns of life, experiencing meaning, meaning blindness, lying and pretence.
Released on 2002Categories Philosophy

Wittgenstein, Mind and Meaning

Wittgenstein, Mind and Meaning

Author: Meredith Williams

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415287561

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 831

This book addresses both Wittgenstein's later works as well as contemporary issues in philosophy of mind. It provides fresh insight into the later Wittgenstein and raises vital questions about the foundations of cognitivism.
Released on 2008-10-29Categories Philosophy

Wittgenstein’s Enduring Arguments

Wittgenstein’s Enduring Arguments

Author: Edoardo Zamuner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134107070

Category: Philosophy

Page: 14

View: 617

Fifty years after Wittgenstein's death, his philosophy and the arguments it embodied remain vital and applicable. Wittgenstein's Enduring Arguments illustrates the use of Wittgenstein's thought for continuing philosophical debates, old and new. Featuring essays by leading international philosophers, the collection examines the key theme of representation in Wittgenstein's philosophy. Organised into three clear parts the book considers representation in cognition, in language and in what cannot be represented - the absolute. The first part applies Wittgenstein to leading questions concerning qualia, the grammar of phenomenology and developmental psychology. The second part applies Wittgenstein to vexing knots in the philosophy of language like language and concept acquisition, the normativity of meaning and linguistic understanding. The final section addresses Wittgenstein's unique philosophical approach to logic, self, religion and ethics. Each specially commissioned chapter demonstrates the successful application of Wittgenstein's philosophy; collectively they express a confidence that Wittgenstein's arguments and his philosophy will endure. Wittgenstein's Enduring Arguments is essential reading for those seeking to examine and assess the philosopher's lasting contribution to modern thought.