Released on 2015-12-29Categories

Demanding Results to End Native Youth Suicides

Demanding Results to End Native Youth Suicides

Author: Committee on Indian Affairs United States Senate

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 152295371X


Page: 66

View: 296

In 2011, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration identified youth suicide as the second leading cause of death for Indian youth between 15 and 24 years of age. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control reported Native youth suicide to be two and a half times the national average in 2012. Many Native children face hopelessness each and every day. They wake up to overcrowded homes with up to 10 or 15 people living in a two or three bedroom house. Many lack access to fresh, healthy food or breakfast because they live in food deserts. In 2014, the Department of Justice released a report called Ending Violence So Children Can Survive. That report found that Native children experience PTSD at the same rate as veterans from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Some communities are dealing with daily suicide attempts and suicide clusters. Over the last six months, the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota has suffered at least 11 suicides and at least 379 suicide attempts have been reported. This is just one reservation. Many communities across Indian Country are facing similar tragedies or attempted tragedies.
Released on 2013Categories Indian youth

Practice Implications for Addressing Native American Youth Suicide

Practice Implications for Addressing Native American Youth Suicide

Author: Janet Leigh Erickson


ISBN: OCLC:853459987

Category: Indian youth

Page: 248

View: 999

American Indian/Alaska Natives experience the highest rate of suicide compared to all ethnic groups in the United States, and the youth of this minority population account for 40 percent these suicides. The aim of this integrative literature review was to provide information and direction to health care professionals, including nurses, who deliver care to the AI/AN youth across Indian Country. An integrative review, including a comprehensive computer-assisted search of three separate databases, and a subsequent review of the reference lists of selected articles was completed. Forty-one articles met the inclusion/ exclusion criteria. The findings, recommendations and practice implications were documented in a chart (Appendix C) and then organized according to the biological systems theory model (Appendix D), which allowed for illustration of the multi-layered risk unique to Native youth, the importance of considering the social context in which Native youth suicide occurs, and assisted in identifying practice implications specific to Native American youth. The risk factors ranged from individual and family "day-to-day realities," to factors that were a part of the adolescent's environment but not necessarily a direct influence, to cultural, economic and political issues, and historical events that remain active as factors affecting the lives of Native youth. The results of this integrative literature review provided the evidence for the need to develop a collaborative approach that is culturally anchored in the world of the Native youth. The need for increased research related to addressing the Native American youth suicide crisis is described as imperative with suggestions to focus on studying current culturally appropriate, holistic care in attempts to determine its effectiveness.